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What Is XSS?

The definition is in its name. An XSS attack is executed by modifying a URL in a way that can allow certain scripts to be injected into it. For example, you can make an entirely different website show up within a frame of the URL’s destination.

Look at an example of the modified URL:

How Does XSS Affect You?

XSS can be used in a variety of ways. Some may just post a link on Twitter containing the malicious URL. Twitter does half the work for them by covering up the URL partially. Contextual links within untrustworthy blogs and websites may contain URLs that are masked by the “anchor text” (which is another fancy way of describing text that’s underlined and blue).

XSS can also be used to trace you by installing cookies on your computer without your consent. Gathering this data could allow hackers to better understand a “digital demographic” of the people they are targeting for future malware infections. In such a case, you might not even notice anything going on in your computer or mobile device at all.

How Dangerous Is XSS?

All things considered, XSS isn’t usually very dangerous. It may be annoying, but it won’t present any long term consequences, at least not in the short term. However, beware of combinations between XSS attacks and other sorts of malicious behavior!

For example, let’s say that Facebook is vulnerable to XSS. A hacker can easily inject a fake log-in page to Facebook’s URL. You’d log in successfully (since the fake page can send your credentials to both Facebook and its own database), but the hacker will now have your username and password. This is where the true danger of XSS presents itself.

How To Protect Yourself Against XSS

If you have a website you’re developing yourself, read this cheat sheet. This will protect you and your visitors from XSS. Be sure to mail the cheat sheet to any web developers you know. They’d appreciate it.

Miguel Leiva-Gomez

Miguel has been a business growth and technology expert for more than a decade and has written software for even longer. From his little castle in Romania, he presents cold and analytical perspectives to things that affect the tech world.

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Fileless Malware: What Is It And How Can You Protect Yourself From It?

When you think of a virus infecting a system, you may imagine a scenario where someone opens an infected executable file on their PC. This then plants the malware on the system which can then steal information, commence a cryptojacking attack, or do damage to the filesystem. With antivirus being a key part of people’s computers these days, it’s been tricky to get this sort of attack to play out. Recently, we’ve seen a spike in an interesting method of spreading malware – by not using files at all!

What Is “Fileless Malware?”

Of course, the malware isn’t totally fileless — it has to come from somewhere after all! The idea here is that the malware works without needing a file on the computer’s filesystem. That way it can operate without needing a “home base” that will give its presence away.

If you think about how a traditional antivirus works, you can see why fileless malware takes this interesting path. An antivirus will check all of the files on a computer’s filesystem for anything that might have been infected. Of course, if the malware hasn’t left any traces on the filesystem itself, there’s no way the scanner can pick up on it and remove it. This is fileless malware’s greatest strength; it’s stealthier than other traditional means.

Where Does It Live?

So if the malware isn’t residing on your computer’s filesystem, where is it being stored? The idea behind fileless malware is that it can operate entirely within the PC’s RAM. The RAM is used to store software while it’s running, so malware can sneak into the RAM where it can do its work while skirting detection. It may get into the system using a vulnerability in existing software, such as through a browser plugin, a hole in the operating system’s defenses, or macros in programs such as Word.

How to Avoid It

So now that you know what fileless malware is, how do you avoid being hit by it?

Avoid Untrusted Macros Keep Software Up to Date

Because fileless macros need a security hole to breach a system, it’s a good idea to keep your software updated with the latest security patches. This includes your operating system which can have native processes hijacked by fileless malware.

Use a Good Antivirus

Fileless Foes

While malware is more traditionally spread using an executable, it’s not always the case. Now you know how fileless malware works and how to beat it.

Is fileless malware a big concern for you? Let us know below.

Image credit: Hacker – Hacking – Lupe von Nullen und Einsen – MALWARE – blau

Simon Batt

Simon Batt is a Computer Science graduate with a passion for cybersecurity.

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Incognito Mode Unmasked: What It Does And What It Doesn’T Do

What is incognito mode?

The word incognito means to hide one’s true identity. Incognito mode on Android devices is just that; it’s a way to hide as you travel the web. As realized in Google Chrome on Android, Incognito mode hides your browsing history so others can’t see the websites you’ve visited. In effect, it masks your footprints across the web.

How to turn on incognito mode

Your IP address, which is a way of identifying your basic location.

Your actual, real-time activity as you use a website or service.

Also — and this is key — your identity if you sign in to any web service. That includes Google-owned sites such as Gmail.

See also: Google may be tracking your porn habits in incognito mode

Please use private browsing if your family shares a tablet or PC.

Another example: you’re using a public computer. Say you have to fill out some form on a machine in the doctor’s office or similar. See if you can switch on private browsing mode so others who use the device can’t go back to the page and stumble onto your data.

Last, if you don’t want your partner or significant other to know what you’ve been up to online, private browsing is the best way to keep that information to yourself. This is essential for things like gift-buying and surprise parties.

How do you turn off private browsing?

It’s pretty easy. It’s simple to locate since incognito mode runs in its own tab apart from your regular Chrome tabs. Tap the tab button in the upper right corner of the browser, and it should show two series of tabs: regular on the left and private on the right. Private tabs are often colored dark. Tap the “x” button in the top right corner of each incognito tab to close them.

Alternately, Android gives you a really powerful way to avoid trouble. Let’s say you were enjoying some adult content but shut your screen in a hurry and left the tab active in Chrome. Anyone who opens Chrome will land right smack in the middle of that content. Chrome in Android gives you the option to end all incognito tabs from the quick settings menu. It appears as a silent notification. Simply tap the “close all incognito tabs” notification, and it will silently shut everything down on the sly. Crisis averted big time.

Closing incognito mode is critical. Everything remains in the open until you actually close the incognito tabs.

Do other apps and browsers have incognito mode?

They sure do. Google’s own Play Store and Maps apps have Incognito mode. Incognito mode for the Play Store is still in testing and not fully rolled out. The idea is to allow you to browse for and search through apps without having your searches recorded. Incognito mode for Google Maps allows you to hide your travels and your searches. Neither of these solutions prevents other apps from seeing what you’re up to.

YouTube has Incognito mode, as well. It prevents others from seeing your search and view history. The limitations are the same as they are with Chrome.

Safari for the iPhone, iPad, and Mac supports private browsing. Access it by tapping the tabs button in Safari and selecting “Private” to open a new tab. Apple says Safari won’t remember the pages you visited, your search history, or your AutoFill information after you close a tab in private browsing mode.

The Microsoft Edge browser for Windows 10 machines has InPrivate mode, and Firefox supports Private Browsing for most platforms. As with other apps, these prevent the browser from recording your browsing history when in the proper mode. We also like Brave Browser and have a great roundup of all the best web browsers for privacy.

Google Chrome’s incognito mode isn’t a perfect solution, but it does have its uses. Keep in mind, it doesn’t impact most apps at all. If you download an adult content app, that’s totally on you to hide in a folder or lock it down with a passcode.

Whether you have anything to hide or not, safe browsing folks!

How often do you use Incognito Mode when browsing in Chrome?

1270 votes

Do You Know Where (And What) Your Software Is?

License model? License muddle is probably a more accurate description of how most large companies acquire and manage their software. The fact is that keeping tabs on who has got what application in any organization is a logistical nightmare.

To keep it all straight, every company should have an asset manager responsible for ensuring (at the very least) that all software is licensed and therefore legal. But, in practice, it’s often not clear whose job this really is, and responsibility gets passed on to — you guessed it — the network administrator.

What’s Out on the Network?

The first problem facing the network manager, then, is figuring out what software (and even what hardware) is out there. This is far from straightforward because IT departments buy software from many different sources, and often there are also rogue departments buying software for themselves independently. Many organizations would be hard pressed to say how many PCs they have within about 30 percent of the actual number — and what cards and other peripherals may be attached to them is anyone’s guess.

Fortunately, life has been made easier thanks to the availability of sophisticated automated inventory management products from the likes of Hanover, N.H.-based Tally Systems and many others. These product scan the network and look for computing devices and the applications loaded on them. These can provide a definitive answer to the vital question: “Do we have unlicensed — and therefore illegal — software?”

Aside from avoiding license hassles, network managers who keep tabs on the applications running over the network also have the opportunity to reduce security risks. “You need to understand the structure of your IT infrastructure, because if you have a piece of rogue software, this may not be just a security issue, but also a corporate liability issue,” said Glen O’Donnell, an analyst at Stamford, Connecticut-based research house META Group.

Software Usage Monitoring Benefits

More efficient application purchasing: Reduce upgrade costs by ignoring users who don’t touch the software

License compliance: Find out who is using illegal software

Identify redundant applications: Discover the applications which are demanded by users but not actually used

Save on support costs: Stop paying support fees for applications which aren’t being used

Security: Identify users of forbidden peer-to-peer music swapping applications

Accuracy Means Savings

Perhaps most importantly, solid inventory control can lead to significant cost savings, in both obvious and less obvious ways. The obvious way is by eliminating payments for licenses for software that has not been deployed. These savings can be large: Without a reliable inventory management system it’s often tempting to overestimate the number of licenses required in order to stay legal. The alternative is the tedious and time-consuming job of walking around an organization with a clipboard visiting each PC and recording its contents.

But there is another more subtle way of creating savings, and one that inventory management software vendors are increasingly recognizing: By monitoring software usage to keep tabs on which applications are actually being used, and by whom, and how often.

The benefits of rock solid software usage statistics, rather than simple inventory numbers, are hard to overestimate. At the most basic level, why pay for a license for an application sitting unused on a hard disk? The same is true of rarely used applications, especially in organizations that support a wide variety of applications that do similar functions.

META Group found that one of its clients was supporting more than 1,000 applications, although some of these applications were used by fewer than 10 staffers. By consolidating applications, it reduced the number of applications supported by more than 75 percent. This can have huge cost reduction implications, not only in terms of support and configuration, but also in terms of simplification of network traffic and time saved implementing patches and upgrades.

Page 2: Subtle But Powerful Benefits

What Is Telematics Technology And How Can It Make You A Better Driver?

Internet of Things (IoT) technology is wherever today, from the home to the workplace. One of the less natural yet additional energizing utilizations of IoT gadgets is in vehicles. One utilization of this technology, telematics, has seen rising ubiquity in both shopper and business circles–and it’s not difficult to perceive any reason why.

Here are a few ways telematics can help you become a better driver.

1. Highlighting mistakes

This capacity is additionally the hidden thought behind utilization based insurance (UBI), which numerous guarantors have now received. Reformist was quick to offer UBI programs, utilizing GPS technology to give mileage-based limits. Presently, these frameworks are further developed, allowing safety net providers to offer limited rates dependent on how and where you drive.

Also read: No Plan? Sitting Ideal…No Problem! 50+ Cool Websites To Visit

2. Helping you to remember upkeep needs

How you follow up out and about isn’t the lone piece of being a decent driver. Keeping your vehicle in top condition matters, as well, particularly for business armadas that rely upon their trucks making long excursions.

Further developed telematics frameworks can screen motor execution, liquid levels and other upkeep factors, uncovering when you ought to watch out for them.

Vehicles’ support needs once in a while fall along a normal timetable. New vehicles can go anyplace between 7,500 to 10,000 miles between oil changes, however this progressions as they age. Telematics removes the mystery from the condition by showing decisively when a vehicle needs upkeep.

Also read: Top 7 Best ECommerce Tools for Online Business

3. Improving courses

Maybe the most direct way telematics can assist you with being a superior driver is by getting you to your objective quicker. GPS route is apparently the most recognizable telematics use case, and perhaps the most accommodating. As these frameworks become further developed, they can think about more factors when arranging courses, giving the best way to any situation.

Telematics frameworks empower others to see a vehicle’s ongoing position, as well. This straightforwardness allows armadas to gauge and impart conveyance times while a similar framework streamlines drivers’ courses. These gadget organizations can decide the best ways to convey things in insignificant time and with negligible fuel utilization.

Also read: The Proven Top 10 No-Code Platforms of 2023

4. Making your vehicle more eco-accommodating

As ecological concerns develop, being an economical driver has gotten more basic. Telematics can help around here, as well, through the optional effects of their different highlights. At the point when your vehicle is in top condition and goes as effectively as could be expected, its natural effect will keep to a base.

Telematics can make Travel Safer, Cleaner, and More Efficient

Regardless of whether you drive professionally or simply in your own life, improving as a driver is an objective everybody ought to have. Better driving and vehicle care practices will make streets more secure, more eco-accommodating and reasonable. There are numerous ways to this objective, however telematics is one of the least demanding and best.

Telematics technology gives straightforwardness and information based dynamic in regions ordinarily brimming with assessments and estimates. These gadgets are improving travel all around for both purchaser and business markets.

What Do People Dislike Most About Salesforce?

Salesforce is a great CRM, but it has its challenges. Salesforce’s user interface is extremely complicated for many users, making it difficult to use and understand. Furthermore, the high cost of Salesforce might be too expensive for many firms, and the lack of customization can be unpleasant for users. Furthermore, Salesforce’s lack of integration and customization tools might restrict its utility. As a result, many companies are considering switching to a different CRM program. An excellent CRM should have capabilities suitable for commercial use, such as email marketing and web host integration, which allow businesses to develop automated processes based on client data.

Salesforce is a great platform that helps organizations simplify, but individuals dislike a few things about it. One of the most common criticisms is that Salesforce is difficult to customize, making it tough to adjust the platform to the exact needs of a firm. Furthermore, Salesforce may be costly, and the fees can quickly pile up if businesses use additional products and services. Furthermore, Salesforce’s learning curve can be steep, and some users may need more time or abilities to augment the platform. Moreover, Salesforce can sometimes be glitchy and unresponsive, making it difficult to access data and resources swiftly. Despite these drawbacks, Salesforce remains one of the most powerful CRM platforms available and is an invaluable tool for businesses of all sizes.

Common Complaints About Salesforce

The sophistication of Salesforce is one of the main criticisms. Although Salesforce has a lot of capabilities, folks who are not accustomed to a CRM environment may find its complexity to be daunting. As a result, users may need help navigating and utilizing Salesforce’s functionalities. Salesforce may also be very pricey and demands a substantial initial commitment. Additionally, it can be challenging to configure Salesforce, and enterprises can discover that their modification efforts need to be revised.

Last but not least, Salesforce occasionally takes a while to reply to client questions and requests, which lowers overall satisfaction with the service. Due to these issues, many users are unsatisfied with Salesforce and need help using the platform. Three programmes comprise Salesforce, a desktop-only product line: Chatter, Service Cloud, and chúng tôi development platform (a leaner version of Salesforce). Organizations may manage the appearance and feel of their application thanks to the platform’s customization features, helping them to meet their goals better. 

This level of customization may be too daunting for people unfamiliar with Salesforce or who don’t have access to a need-to-know basis in the business sector. Enabling the integration of custom fields, which enables users to build customizable fields that can be used in any Salesforce form, is a more practical choice. With this option, users can add or delete any field from records, list views, and view or update values for these custom fields on records or lists using standard Salesforce user interfaces. And for those new to Salesforce, this may be an inconvenient approach because of its complexity.

Benefits of Using Salesforce

Despite being a strong and essential tool for many organizations, Salesforce has flaws. Salesforce’s potential for being challenging to understand and operate is among users’ most often voiced criticisms. Many users need help grasping the functions’ scope and how to utilize them effectively, even with significant training and experience. Additionally, Salesforce is a well-known pricey platform, which makes it challenging for smaller firms to use. Additionally, since Salesforce is a cloud-based system, companies that need to keep sensitive data on their servers may experience security concerns. To try and address these worries, Salesforce has created a self-service learning program called the Learning Hub (Trailblazer) aimed at users of all skill levels to alleviate these concerns. Users new to Salesforce or searching for more in-depth learning opportunities can access tools and material personalized particularly for them through the platform’s Learning Hub. Additionally, it provides tools like lessons and recordings of professional webinars in the industry that may help with becoming accustomed to using the platform’s features.

How to Optimize the User Experience with Salesforce

One of the most common complaints about Salesforce is the complexity of navigating the platform. Many users need help understanding the user interface and finding the needed features. Furthermore, the lack of customization can make it difficult for users to customize Salesforce to their needs. Additionally, the lack of a mobile app can be a major drawback for those who want to access Salesforce on the go. Finally, the cost of using Salesforce can be prohibitive for some users, depending on the size of their company and the features they need. These factors can lead to a less-than-ideal user experience with Salesforce. With a more simplified UI and built-in customer success tools, the SalesForce Mobile Platform, a mobile-first solution, attempts to solve these problems. The platform offers a comprehensive picture of the customer relationship, enables the construction and maintenance of account procedures, and classifies contacts according to their significance into several tiers. Additionally, users may create editable templates for client emails that can be delivered automatically from their phone and include contact points like social media campaigns or case updates. Users will find it simpler to keep an ongoing relationship with their clients and plug in new marketing activities quickly and simply with this platform.


Salesforce is a great platform, so learning it might take some time. Furthermore, Salesforce continually adds new capabilities, making it tough for consumers to keep up with the changes. Furthermore, Salesforce’s customer care and technical support might need to be faster to reply, leaving consumers disappointed and out of luck when they most need assistance. Finally, Salesforce is a subscription-based service, which can be expensive for enterprises with a high level of customization or many users. These characteristics make Salesforce a wrong choice for many enterprises.

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