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What is a Circular Economy?

According to the World Economic Forum, a circular economy is “an industrial system that is restorative or regenerative by intention and design.” Therefore, it may be an oversimplification to relegate the economy to the age-old reduce-reuse-recycle approach. Instead, it is a larger concept that, in restructuring the system, demands an overhaul of the established production and consumption patterns.

In his paper titled The Product-Life Factor, Walter Stahel, Founder and Director of the Product-Life Institute, Geneva, put forth the concept of a closed-loop economy. This, in turn, laid the foundations of what is a circular economy. Here, he argued for a gradual transition towards sustainable living by increasing the utility of products and reducing the pressure on natural resources. A circular economy transforms goods nearing the end of their useful life into resources for reuse. Furthermore, closing the loops in the industrial mechanism substitutes production for sufficiency and workforce for energy. Therefore, a circular economy significantly diminishes greenhouse emissions, empowers the workforce, and results in a low-carbon economy.

Linear Economy vs Circular Economy

Circular initiatives differ from the linear system in how value is created and preserved. In the latter, the movement of raw materials to the finished product and ultimately to the landfill is unidirectional. Such an economic system is fuelled by profit margins and quantity, rather than effectiveness and quality. On the other hand, the circulatory system is optimized for maximum value preservation through reuse, be it of products or their components. Therefore, it entails a movement from excessive manufacturing to resource efficiency.

Moreover, a circular economy shifts the onus of natural restoration and preservation from developing and fringe communities to developed countries. The effects of ecological degeneration are disproportionate: 74 of the poorest countries are the hardest hit by the climate crisis but contribute to less than one-tenth of global greenhouse gas emissions. A circular economy is a potential solution to this deeply unfair predicament, one that is only furthered by a linear system.

What are the Different Models of Circular Economy?

There are two circular economy models: one encourages reuse through remanufacturing and repair, and the other employs recycling to create resources. In a human-centric model, owners become custodians, and users have the agency to become creators. This, in turn, creates jobs at the local level, thus positively impacting employment.

For instance, have you noticed that a well-known clothing brand H&M offers discounts to customers who return old clothes from the brand that they are going to discard? H&M recycles these discards to make new clothes and sells them at a higher price point as ‘sustainable fashion’. This is a win-win for the planet and the company. Firstly, the brand has reduced wastage and gained a good reputation for it. Secondly, they have incentivized the customers to gain their loyalty. Thirdly, they have targeted the market segment that buys sustainable clothing. All this at once! This is an example of the agency-centric model. 

Why is a Circular Economy Important?

A circular economy gains immense significance in the face of unprecedented climate change. As the United Nations’ International Resource Panel noted, a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions is the extraction and processing of natural resources. By prioritizing material recovery over material production, circularity reduces the impact of such emissions.

When implemented correctly and inclusively, a circular economy has the potential to protect an endangered environment, foster social equity, and boost sustainable economic progress. Furthermore, it offers respite for vulnerable communities who face disproportionate threats of displacement and extreme poverty under the present system.

A circular economy also imbues businesses with a greater sense of corporate social responsibility, which is actionable and trackable. Such benefits result from the three foundational principles of a circular economy: 

Elimination of waste

Circulation of products and materials

Regeneration of the natural environment

How Does a Circular Economy Work?

Once viewed as a utopian concept, a circular economy is fast gaining traction as one of the most promising solutions to sustainability issues. Despite diverging opinions, sociopolitical barriers, and amorphous definitions of the term, it has recently spurred businesses, governments, and individuals to action. But how does a circular economy function?

As opposed to the current linear economy, the circular model emphasizes retaining the value of goods, transference, and continuous utility. Within the model, there is little place for wasteful economic activities that harm human life and endanger the planet. Doing so, greatly mitigates pollution and congestion.  

A circular economy has a hawk-eyed focus on designing goods that are inherently reusable, recyclable, and fit for remanufacturing. The idea is to keep materials in circulation for as long as possible, thus using a variety of them in different ways instead of simply disposing of the elements.  

By taking the spotlight away from fossil fuels and non-renewable sources of energy, a circular economy aims to regenerate the ecosystem and foster preservation. In practice, it actively replenishes the soil by returning valuable nutrients often lost in the present economic model. Therefore, the environmental benefits of a circular economy are undeniable and quite easily achieved if executed mindfully. 

What are the Barriers to a Circular Economy?

Despite the increasing spotlight on circular economies, implementation has been slow. In addition to the lack of awareness, competence, and the right mindset, economic factors greatly hinder the growth of circular solutions. 

Some of these challenges are:

Inadequate investment

Lock-in barriers

However, the most significant barrier to circular economies is that it needs an extensive and well-functioning supply chain, which becomes difficult due to the unavailability of raw materials. Material is insufficient, in terms of quality as well as quantity, for recycling and reuse. Further, even in the case of availability, it is inefficiently handled by fragmented parties which sabotage the process. These factors lead to uncertainty and feasibility issues coupled with high transaction costs and a lack of universal market standards.

What is the Environmental Impact of a Circular Economy?

Although there’s a long way to go in implementation, the Ellen MacArthur Foundation has already noted several case studies that reflect the environmental benefits of a circular economy. Spanning a range of industries and sectors, the circular economy has made good on its promises of sustainable business, inclusivity, social justice, and human welfare. Let’s take a look at some of the examples.

In the field of biodiversity, the Orongo Cattle Station in New Zealand has restored degraded land using sustainable design, leading to more profits simultaneously. Many players in the food industry, like De Clique, are now striving for zero-waste production processes while São Paulo is investing in circular practices by supporting local agriculturists. According to the Ellen MacArthur Foundation, two-thirds of the global population will live in cities by 2050, consuming 75% of the world’s natural resources. However, cities like Cape Town and Austin offer a silver lining in their attempts to transition to circular economies.

The ecological impact of a circular economy is clear by now. Reducing waste and shifting to recycling make way for a greener future and sustainable business growth. So we may as well place our bets on it as the only viable solution to the looming threat of irreversible climate change. 

Want to learn more about circular economy and business sustainability? Head over to Emeritus’ sustainability courses to delve deeper into the subject!

By Deyasini Chatterjee

Write to us at [email protected]

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What Is A Virtual Machine? (Why And When To Use It)

If you work in or around the software industry, you have probably heard of virtual machines. If not, you may be wondering what they are and what they are used for.

As a software engineer, I use virtual machines daily. They’re potent tools in software development, but they have other uses as well. Also known as VMs, many businesses use them because of their flexibility, reliability, and cost-effectiveness; they also prevent disasters from runaway software testing.

Let’s take a look at what virtual machines are and why they are used.

What is a Virtual Machine?

A virtual machine is an instance of an operating system (OS) such as Windows, Mac OS, or Linux running within the main OS of a computer.

Typically, it runs in an app window on your desktop. A virtual machine has full functionality and acts like a separate computer or machine. In essence, a virtual machine is a virtual computer running inside another computer known as the host machine.

Image 1: Virtual Machine running on a laptop.

A virtual machine doesn’t have hardware (memory, hard drive, keyboard, or monitor). It uses simulated hardware from the host machine. Because of this, multiple VMs, also referred to as “guests,” can be run on a single host machine.

Image 2: Host machine running multiple VMs.

The host can also run multiple VMs with different operating systems, including Linux, Mac OS, and Windows. This capability depends on software called a hypervisor (see Image 1 above). The hypervisor runs on the host machine and allows you to create, configure, run, and manage virtual machines.

The hypervisor allocates disk space, schedules processing time, and manages memory usage for each VM. This is what applications like Oracle VirtualBox, VMware, Parallels, Xen, Microsoft Hyper-V, and many others do: they are hypervisors.

A hypervisor can run on a laptop, PC, or server. It makes virtual machines available to the local computer or users distributed across a network.

Different types of virtual machines and environments require different types of hypervisors. Let’s take a look at some of them.

Types of Virtual Machines

System Virtual Machines

System VMs, sometimes called full virtualization, are run by a hypervisor and provide the functionality of an actual computer system. They use the host’s native operating system to manage and share system resources.

System virtual machines often require a powerful host with fast or multiple CPUs, large amounts of memory, and tons of disk space. Some, which run on personal or laptop computers, may not require the computing power that big enterprise virtual servers need; however, they’ll run slow if the host system is not adequate.

Process Virtual Machines

Process Virtual Machines are quite different from SVMs—you may have them running on your machine and not even know it. They are also known as application virtual machines or managed runtime environments (MREs). These virtual machines run inside a host operating system and support applications or system processes.

Why use a PVM? They perform services without being dependent on specific operating systems or hardware. They have their own little OS with only the resources they need. The MRE is in a separate environment; it doesn’t matter if it runs on Windows, Mac OS, Linux, or any other host machine.

One of the most common Process Virtual Machines is one that you have probably heard of and may have seen running on your computer. It is used to run Java applications and is called the Java Virtual Machine or JVM for short.

Types of Hypervisors

Most of the virtual machines that we are concerned with use a hypervisor because they emulate an entire computer system. There are two different types of hypervisors: Bare Metal Hypervisors and Hosted Hypervisors. Let’s take a quick look at both of them.

Bare Metal Hypervisor

BMHs may also be called native hypervisors, and they run directly on the host’s hardware instead of running within the host’s operating system. In fact, they take the place of the host’s operating system, scheduling and managing hardware use by each virtual machine, thus cutting out the “middle man” (the host’s OS) in the process.

Native hypervisors are normally used for large-scale enterprise VMs, which companies use to provide employees with server resources. Microsoft Azure or Amazon Web Services are VMs hosted on this type of architecture. Other examples are KVM, Microsoft Hyper-V, and VMware vSphere.

Hosted Hypervisor

Hosted hypervisors run on standard operating systems—just like any other application that we run on our machines. They use the host’s OS to manage and distribute resources. This type of hypervisor is better suited for individual users who need to run multiple operating systems on their machines.

These include applications like Oracle VirtualBox, VMware Workstations, VMware Fusion, Parallels Desktop, and many others. You can find more detailed information about hosted hypervisors in our article, Best Virtual Machine Software.

Why Use Virtual Machines?

Now that you have a basic understanding of what a virtual machine is, you can probably think of some excellent applications. Here are some of the top reasons people use virtual machines.

1. Cost-Effective

Virtual machines are cost-effective in numerous situations. One of the most prominent is in the corporate world. Using physical servers to provide resources for employees can be very expensive. The hardware is not cheap, and maintaining it is even more costly.

The use of virtual machines as enterprise servers has now become the norm. With VMs from a provider like MS Azure, there are no initial hardware purchases and no maintenance fees. These VMs can be set up, configured, and used for just pennies an hour. They can also be shut down when not being used and incur no cost at all.

2. Scalable and Flexible

Whether they are enterprise servers or VMs running on your laptop, virtual machines are scalable. It’s easy to adjust the resources to fit your needs. If you need more memory or hard disk space, just go into the hypervisor and reconfigure the VM to have more. There’s no need to purchase new hardware, and the process can be completed rapidly.

3. Quick setup

A new VM can be set up quickly. I have had cases where I needed a new VM setup, called my co-worker who manages them, and had them ready to use in less than an hour.

4. Disaster Recovery

If you are trying to prevent data loss and prepare for disaster recovery, VMs can be a terrific tool. They are easy to back up and can be distributed in different locations if needed. If a third party like Microsoft or Amazon hosts the virtual machines, they will be off-site—which means your data is safe if your office burns down.

5. Easy to Reproduce

Most hypervisors allow you to make a copy, or image, of a VM. Imaging lets you easily spin up exact reproductions of the same base VM for any situation.

In the environment that I work in, we give every developer a VM to use for development and testing. This process allows us to have an image configured with all the needed tools and software. When we have a new developer onboarding, all we have to do is make a copy of that image, and they have what they need to get working.

6. Perfect for Dev/Test

They allow a tester to have a clean new environment for every test cycle. I have worked on projects where we set up automated test scripts that create a new VM, install the latest software version, run all required tests, then delete the VM once the tests have completed.

VMs work splendidly for product testing and reviews like the ones we do here at chúng tôi I can install apps in a VM running on my machine and test them without cluttering my primary environment.

When I am done testing, I can always delete the virtual machine, then create a new one when I need it. This process also allows me to test on multiple platforms even though I only have a Windows machine.

Final Words

As you can see, virtual machines are a cost-efficient, versatile tool that can be used for many applications. No longer do we need to purchase, setup, and maintain expensive hardware to provide server access for testers, developers, and others. VMs give us the flexibility to easily and quickly create the operating systems, hardware, and environments we need—at any time.

Data Automation In 2023: What It Is & Why You Need It

What is data automation? 

Data automation refers to optimizing data uploading and delivery procedures using automation tools that eliminate manual work. The traditional practice required manual labor from the IT department to manage and administer data updates on open data portals. Sometimes the responsibility would fall on the employees in different departments that had to handle the data while carrying on their other duties. The manual process is time-consuming and labor-intensive for enterprises. In addition, manual handling of data is error-prone and can affect strategic business insights derived from the data. Hence, data automation is a vital tool for any enterprise looking to upgrade its data integration to a more efficient level.

Do you need data automation in your business?

There are four clues to look for when deciding if you need to automate data automation in your business:

What are the approaches to data automation?

ETL is one of the most common data engineering approaches used by data professionals. According to the procedure, the data automation process includes three steps based on the function of the used tools. These three stages are commonly known by the abbreviation of ETL (Extract, Transform, Load). These stages include:

Roadmap to Data Automation 

Identify problems: Determine where the repetition occurs and prioritize the data sets based on their added value. It is significant to prioritize the datasets that create the most value for the company as they take more manual effort. 

Define data ownership within the organization: Determine which teams will handle different stages of the data automation process. There are three main approaches to data access and processing within an organization: 

With the centralized approach, the IT team handles the data automation process from A to Z. 

In a decentralized method, each agency processes their data, from extracting the data from source systems to loading them to data portals. 

There is also a combination of the two methods. The hybrid method allows different departments to work with the IT team. IT teams are responsible for loading the data into data portals through a hybrid approach.  

Define the required format for your data transformation: Define the required format for your data transformation. It is crucial to have a set data format policy, to secure data coherence for better insights. Moreover, ETL tools require users to define the preferred formatting of the data categorization.

Schedule updates: Dataset update allows businesses to make better decisions on their operations. Hence, It is crucial to schedule updates for consistent and up-to-date data for datasets. 

Determine the right vendors for your operations: Businesses can rely on automation consultants’ expertise to help them identify the best vendor according to the business needs and the business structure. 

Explore our ETL tools list if you believe your data integration tasks may benefit from automation.

To gain a more comprehensive overview of workload automation, download our whitepaper on the topic:

Contact us for guidance on the process: If you need more customized recommendations.

Cem regularly speaks at international technology conferences. He graduated from Bogazici University as a computer engineer and holds an MBA from Columbia Business School.





What Makes A Smart Developer? (Is It Google?)

“But I can just Google it.”

I was staring across my desk at a mop-haired young man who was interviewing for a Java software developer position on my team. He was responding to a question about memory management, but he wasn’t really answering the question.

He hemmed and hawed for a few seconds and that’s when he blurted his Google answer.

This young gun obviously didn’t know the answer to my question. Yet from his perspective there was a feeling of “who cares?” because the answer could always be Googled.

(Doesn’t “Googled” sound better than “Binged” – which is actually a real word with bad connotations? Something Microsoft overlooked in their focus groups! But I digress…)

Back to the young man sitting in my office. Actually, “young dude” would be more appropriate. He showed up to the interview in sandals, baggy pants, and a very colorful button-down shirt with a skinny tie.

(Is that even appropriate, even in the casual world of software development?Sure, our company had a casual dress culture, but I was always taught to dress conservatively for an interview because you can’t change a first impression. Sorry, I digressed again.)

My goal when interviewing a developer is not just to see how smart they are, but whether they’ll be a fit for our culture and work well within our team. Not that fitting is enough – they need real skills. If someone is a great guy (or gal), but can’t answer a moderately tough question – like “what ‘s the best algorithm to maintain a free list for heap-based dynamic memory allocation?” – then they won’t receive a job offer.

Is this unreasonable? Upon further reflection, maybe it is.

When I was first interviewing for jobs as an IBM mainframe developer, I took many written tests about COBOL, JCL and CICS. I knew going in that there would be a test, so I prepared for it.

And in one case, I had a headhunter provide me with a sample test. I simply memorized the answers. And, lo and behold, when I sat down to take the actual test I was pleasantly surprised: it was identical to the so-called “sample test” the recruiter had provided.

Well, I aced it and got the job offer. And I felt no guilt because in my mind I remember thinking “but I can just look it up anyway.” Hmmm, I think I had a good point.

Now, how different was that from this Johnny-developer sitting across from me with his Google answer? Why memorize anything when you can easily look it up?

He was actually being more honest about it, wasn’t he?

There was no World Wide Web when I was interviewing for those jobs back in age of “big iron.” But we did have manuals and books. So I could and did look up basic syntax or solutions to tricky problems.

But my situation isn’t really comparing apples to apples. Here’s why.

Back in the day, if I came across a challenging problem during my design of a COBOL application, I’d get out my COBOL II manual and check the index. Let’s say, looking for examples of using reference modification (i.e. string manipulation).

I’d likely find it under “R” and see a bunch of page numbers that may or may not have what I’m looking for. I’d flip through those pages. If I didn’t find what I was looking for, I’d get out another book written by some COBOL expert and go through the same index search.

And if I didn’t find the answer there, I’d get in my car and go to the library or bookstore to continue my search.

One thing we did have was email, so I could also email a bunch of my colleagues to see if they had recommendations. But I had to wait on their responses and in those days people weren’t constantly checking email.

My point is that this process could take a very long time, taking a big chunk out of my productivity.

Today, Johnny-developer can simply Google “reference modification examples” – and presto!I did this for kicks and found The University of Limerick computer science department provided a few good examples. That’s fitting, given that Saint Patrick’s Day is right around the corner. But I needed no Irish luck to find this answer. I needed only Google.

So maybe Johnny-developer’s Googling answer was the right one. Perhaps asking direct questions about syntax or other such things that can be easily referenced online is not the best approach to determine how smart a developer is.

What I really needed to know is: can Johnny-developer use logic to solve problems on his own and as part of a team, while showing true understanding of the platform he’ll be working on?

WordPress Jetpack: What Is It And Is It Worth Installing?

Some of the many benefits of the self-hosted chúng tôi is its out-of-the-box features and its flexibility via plugins and themes.

Many choose chúng tôi over chúng tôi for increased access and control over a website. However, chúng tôi does come with some valuable features that require a plugin to be used on chúng tôi One of those is the WordPress Jetpack plugin.

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What Is The WordPress Jetpack Plugin?

Jetpack is a suite of productivity, security, and optimization tools, developed by Automattic and used on all chúng tôi sites.

There is also a Jetpack plugin version for chúng tôi users who want the same features on a self-hosted website. Jetpack connects you to a chúng tôi account and gives you access to features you didn’t previously have.

Jetpack comes pre-installed with WordPress from many hosting companies. Users must first sign up for a chúng tôi account to gain access to all Jetpack features. Then activate the plugin on the self-hosted chúng tôi installation.

Is The WordPress Jetpack Plugin Free?

Upgraded versions provide additional security and performance functions such as automated backups and spam filtering. They are:  

Personal: $3.50/month ($39 yearly)

Premium: $9/month ($99 yearly)

Professional: $29/month ($299 yearly)

There are three ways to install the free version of the WordPress Jetpack plugin. 

Download it from the WordPress repository.

Use the Jetpack Wizard.

Jetpack’s modules vary in functionality from important features such as backups and site stats to minor features such as Gravatar hovercards and post likes.  

Jetpack Modules & Features

From there you can deactivate modules you don’t want to use or keep the default settings as is.

The free WordPress Jetpack plugin features include:

WordPress Security: Downtime monitoring and protection from brute-force attacks.

WordPress Performance: Lazy loading image and unlimited image and static file hosting.

Traffic and Revenue: Automated social media posting, actionable site statistics, and showing related content to keep visitors on your site longer.

Site Activity: Shows activity records of everything that happens on your site for the 20 most recent events.

Free Jetpack users also get standard email support.

There are dozens of modules available from Jetpack. Some are free, and some require an upgrade for access. Below are the most popular and useful:

Security modules

Security is the most critical feature of Jetpack.

Protect and prevent brute force attacks

Monitor site for downtime

Update plugins

Site backups

Scan for malware and protect with automated resolution

Appearance Modules

Load next posts automatically with infinite scroll

Optimize, cache, and serve images from chúng tôi CDN

Use conditional rules for when to display specific widgets

Only load images on the screen to boost page speed with Lazy Image feature

Display images in tiled galleries

Engagement Modules

Add sharing buttons to pages and posts

Extra sidebar widgets such as Twitter timelines, RSS links, and Facebook like boxes

Keep visitors on your site longer by showing related posts

Automatically share newly published content on your social media profiles

Use shortcodes to embed tweets, YouTube videos, and other media

Writing Modules

Use shortcodes to create simple contact forms

Add custom post types to your website

Publish blog posts using any email client

Add a grammar checker tool to proofread content before publishing offers many plugins to accomplish some of the above functions. However, Jetpack offers them all in one place.

Advantages Of Using Jetpack

Because Jetpack’s core functionality is free, there is no need to spend a lot of money on other premium plugins. The WordPress Jetpack plugin is maintained and frequently updated. More features are continually being added to the plugin.  

It is an excellent way to add more features and functionality to a standard WordPress experience quickly and easily using a single plugin without having to worry about coding.

The massive number of different categories and modules offered with Jetpack can slow down your site. Do not enable all of them if you want your website running quickly. 

There are many submenus and toggle switches. It could be cumbersome to find the modules you want to enable or disable. Professionals don’t all agree on whether Jetpack slows sites down or not. Some users find that it does slow down their site significantly.

On the other hand, some users believe there are security risks involved when connecting your account. If you have privacy concerns, Jetpack might not be your best solution.

Should You Install Jetpack On Your Website?

The answer is it depends. Do you need the functionality provided by Jetpack’s modules? How many will you use?

If you will only use a few of the modules, it makes more sense to use other plugins that serve the same purpose. This will avoid the extra bloat that comes with Jetpack.

What Is Discord Canary And Is It Safe?

Discord Canary is the alpha test release of the popular community chat software. While less reliable than the stable version, the Canary release lets people test new features and fixes and provide feedback to developers.

Why Is It Called Discord Canary?

To help mining communities protect against the threat of carbon monoxide poisoning, miners would take a canary with them to work. Taking “a canary down the coal mine” wasn’t metaphorical—it was a test to determine the air quality. If the canary survived, the miners would be safe enough to carry on work.

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While miners no longer rely on canaries, software developers do. In technology terms, a “canary” is an alpha build or release of software intended for other developers, quality testers, and keen users. A canary release isn’t a stable build, so crashes, bugs, and other issues are expected.

Just like Chrome Canary and other “canary”-branded software releases, Discord Canary gives willing test users access to new features and fixes.

This alpha release is the initial test build for new features and bug releases. It’s the first of three Discord release channels, allowing the development team to test and resolve problems with Discord before a wider release is issued.

If features or bug fixes in Discord Canary are safe, they’ll be added to the Discord Public Test Build (the Discord beta) for further beta testing before being released to the broader Discord community in the Discord Stable release. You’ll see and use this release when downloading the desktop app or visiting the Discord website. 

If these features or fixes aren’t stable or are unfinished, the development team could remove them from Discord before they release the PTB or Stable releases. Depending on the development team’s broader plan for Discord, these features may return after further refinement or be scrapped entirely.

Is Discord Canary Safe?

Discord Canary is a very early test build. The features, fixes, and other additions aren’t ready for the wider community. While Discord Canary is entirely safe to use, it isn’t stable. If you’re keen to try it, you should expect the worst—it may crash or break, with features failing to work or working in unexpected ways.

As a testbed release, only serious developers, testers, and enthusiasts should consider installing or trying out a Discord Canary build. However, you can use Discord Canary if you’re keen to test the latest Discord features or want to support the development team by helping find bugs or problems. 

If you want to try Discord Canary, you can download it as a desktop app or try the web-based version in your browser. If you test it, expect bugs, crashes, errors, and more. Discord Canary is for developers, serious testers, and enthusiasts only—other users should stick to the stable release.

If you want to help the development team, you can submit bug reports for Discord Canary through the Discord website or by joining the official Discord Testers community server to report issues instead. New bug fixes will appear in Discord Canary first for a smaller group of users to try before reaching the Stable release at a later stage.

Android and iPhone Discord users won’t be able to try Discord Canary on their devices, but you can sign up for early testing of new fixes and features by joining the Discord Testers community server.

How to Download and Install Discord Canary

You can try out Discord Canary by downloading the latest build release of the Discord Canary desktop app or by trying it out in your web browser.

Download the latest Discord Canary release for your operating system from the Discord website. You can download and use the desktop app on Linux, Windows, and Mac.

After the download completes, run the installer for your operating system and follow the on-screen instructions.

Once you’ve installed Discord Canary on your PC or Mac, launch it. You can find the app in your Windows Start menu or Mac Launchpad menu with a gold Discord icon—select this to launch the app.

Discord Canary will check for updates when you first launch it. Once complete, sign in using your Discord account username and password.

How to Use Discord Canary in a Web Browser

While the desktop app offers the best way to test Discord Canary thoroughly, you can also try out new features and fixes in your web browser. Using Discord through your web browser offers many of the same features as the Discord desktop app, but some features (such as constant push-to-talk voice access) are unavailable.

To try Discord Canary on the web, head to the Discord Canary website in your browser. Select the Open Discord in Your Browser option to proceed.

You’ll need to type in your username, then select the checkbox below to confirm that you accept the terms and conditions. Select the enter button to proceed, then provide your password to confirm the sign-in.

Alternatively, select Login in the top-right corner of the Discord Canary website. 

At the Login screen, you’ll sign in again with your username and password. Select the Login button to confirm and sign in. 

Once you sign in, you can try new features and fixes specific to the web version of Discord Canary. If it’s too unstable, open the Discord Stable website and sign in to use it instead.

Testing Out Discord Canary

With Discord Canary installed on your PC or Mac, or by visiting the Discord Canary URL in your web browser, you can try out the latest features and bug fixes. If it’s a little unstable, you can switch to the beta test release in the Discord Public Test Build (PTB) release or the widely-available Discord Stable instead.

Whether you’re using Discord Canary or Discord Stable, you can try it out for free by setting up a new Discord server. If you want more from Discord, you can add new Discord bots to expand functionality or consider switching to a number of Discord alternatives like Slack or Ventrilo instead.

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