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You know we’re big fans of Kickstarter projects here at iDB. While some of them are kinda wacky and don’t bring anything new to the table, others are quite innovative and make me go “I need one of these.” That’s exactly the case of Vavo, a universal mount and stand for iPhone and other devices that recently launched on Kickstarter.

The folks behind Vavo aren’t stranger to Kickstarter or iDB. A couple months ago, they successfully launched Foco, a sound-enhancing device for the iPad, with a little help from iDB.

Today, we sit down with Adewale Adeluyi-Adelusi and Bojan Smiljanic from Unique Design Solutions and ask them more details about Vavo…

What is Vavo?

Vavo is an ultra portable universal smartphone and smart device accessory with two simple functions: propping your device at angles and mounting your device on smooth stationary vertical surfaces for viewing purposes. With these two simple functions, the small structure of Vavo brings a lot of versatility to how you will use your smart devices such as watching movies, capturing steady video and photos, video conferencing with friends and family and much, much more.


With so many small stands out there, do we really need another one?

It is true that there are a lot of small stands out there but very few are truly portable and universal. Those available limit you to one or two fixed angles, they usually can’t be transported easily, and they’re not that stable for viewing/typing or only fit one specific device, which means a new accessory is needed with each new device. We also know that most consumers carry their keys and smartphones. With the observations above, Vavo was created as a single accessory that would enhance your smartphone experience while incorporating the following:

Work with most smart devices

Be ultra portable – fit in your pocket, purse or bag and even on your key chain

Give you many stable angle options for viewing and typing

Be aesthetically pleasing and built with durable materials

Push the envelope by mounting on vertical surfaces for viewing purposes without extra hardware

Why Vavo?

Our devices have been fully integrated into our lifestyles and we use them in fluid and dynamic ways. It only makes sense to have an ultra portable device that can be used with our devices as we move between different environments in the course of our day. Most portable stands do not transition well with different environments and can become more of hindrance. The combination of its diminutive size, micro kickstand and PU sticky pad allows you to easily have Vavo with you as you transition easily between different environments and uses throughout the day.

What devices work with Vavo?

Vavo will work with smart devices (smartphones, MP3 players or small cameras) that have enough of a flat surface to attach to. Most smart devices will work with Vavo when used as a stand. We have a vertical viewing position weight limit of 6oz for optimal efficiency (most devices weigh between 3 – 6oz).

Any commercial uses for Vavo?

We will also offer Vavo as customized promotional items. Vavo’s ultra portable size makes it the perfect gift for anyone who uses a smartphone, mp3 player or small camera. It’s also ideal for promotional items in any industry from government, small businesses, restaurants, schools, conferences, realtors and the list is endless.

What is this PU pad?

The pad is a specially formulated polyurethane (PU) material that sticks to most surfaces, is reusable and leaves no residue. We picked this material because it is versatile and extremely durable. Similar types of PU pad were leveraged in our products, Capta, PuGoo and Foco, with different levels of strength and adhesion. Our PU pad sticks to more surfaces than a suction cup or magnet and works in more situations. Refreshing and removing built up debris and dirt from the pad can easily be performed using running water and allowing the pad to air dry. It truly is an amazing material.

Why Kickstarter?

It used to be that if you had a great idea, you could get it financed and start production easily. With the turn of the economy, things have changed. A great idea is nothing without the ability to bring it to life. For a start up like UDS, we have a lot of great ideas but, lack the financial backing to bring each and every one of these ideas to life. Kickstarter is truly a blessing for startups like ours. You can present your product to a large number of people and those who see value in it can contribute enough to get that product started for you and they will be the first to get it.

We successfully launched our products Capta and Foco where we were able to use the funds to manufacture our first run and use towards the development of new projects such as the recently released, Foco. Without support from the Kickstarter community starting up UDS products would not have been possible. We take pride in our designs and our customer service and we are proud to have backers that will return to back our new ideas.

Who is UDS?

Two freelance designers, Adewale Adeluyi-Adelusi and Bojan Smiljanic, run Unique Design Solutions (UDS). In the past, we have designed products for others and recently formed UDS to launch our own line of products. Our first products were Capta, a hybrid accessory for smart phones and Foco, a simple sound enhancing device for the new iPad 3 and iPad 2. At UDS, our goal is always to deliver top quality products and customer service. We have many more products in the pipeline and look forward to a successful Vavo campaign that ends with it being sold in stores.

When will Vavo enter production, where will it be made and how much will it cost?

Our Kickstarter campaigns ends June 30, 2012. We will move into production once we have received funds raised through Kickstarter. Vavo was designed, prototyped and tested in the US and will be manufactured in China. Vavo will have a list price of $14.95 but is currently available on Kickstarter for a pledge of $10.

Where will we be able to buy Vavo?

Vavo is currently available via Kickstarter for pre-order through June 30th. Once manufacturing is complete, Vavo will be available on the UDS website. We are also working with retailers to make Vavo available for purchase.

Interested in supporting this project? Pledges start at $10 on Kickstarter, which will get you one Vavo once available. You can also decide to pledge more which will get you even more Vavo once they are available. Get your pledges in today!

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Universal Control: How To Use It With A Mac And Ipad

Read more: What is iPadOS? Everything you need to know



What is it?

How to use it

Universal Control with Sidecar

What is Universal Control?

Usually, when you want to connect two devices or monitors together, you need to use an HDMI cable. In the case of Apple devices connecting to non-Apple devices, this also involves buying an expensive adapter for the HDMI cable socket. But Apple has developed a feature called Universal Control, which removes the need for an HDMI cable at all if you’re only using Apple devices.

Once set up, and assuming your devices are compatible, you can use the keyboard, mouse, and keyboard from your main device and move them between screens on the other devices. You can also copy something on the main device’s clipboard and paste it on one of the connected device’s screens. It’s basically multiple monitors without any cables.

But what are the requirements for using Universal Control? Let’s first check to ensure that your Mac and iPad are compatible.

macOS Monterey 12.4 or later

MacBook introduced in 2024 or later.

MacBook Pro introduced in 2024 or later.

MacBook Air introduced in 2023 or later.

Mac mini introduced in 2023 or later.

iMac introduced in 2023 or later, or iMac (Retina 5K, 27-inch, Late 2024).

iMac Pro.

Mac Pro introduced in 2023 or later.

Mac Studio.

Other Universal Control requirements

Mark O’Neill / Android Authority

Each device must be signed in with the same Apple ID using two-factor authentication.

Each device must be within 10 meters (30 feet) of each other and have Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, and Handoff turned on.

Your iPad must not share its cellular connection with a hotspot, and your Mac must not share its internet connection (sharing its Ethernet connection with other computers on your local network.)

How to use a Mac and iPad at the same time

If you have verified that your Mac and iPad are compatible with Universal Control, let’s now move on to setting it up. Then we will go step-by-step through how to get started with this amazing feature.

Setting up Universal Control on Mac

Drop down the menu under Use as.

Choose how you want to use the iPad. It can be your main display, an extended display, or it can mirror your Mac or other connected monitors and devices.

Put your devices near each other and make sure that they’re awake and unlocked.

Use your mouse or trackpad to move the pointer past the edge of your screen in the direction of the iPad or other Mac.

Universal Control with Sidecar

Another option to consider is Sidecar. Sidecar lets you use a single iPad as a secondary display for your Mac. You can either mirror the content from your Mac’s display or turn it into a secondary display for extra Mac screen real estate. You can use the iPad touchscreen with Sidecar, whereas with Universal Control, the touch controls are disabled.

This is a bit of an older option, so if you have an older Mac, this might be better for you. Here are the compatibility specs.

macOS Catalina or later

MacBook Pro introduced in 2024 or later.

MacBook introduced in 2024 or later.

MacBook Air introduced in 2023 or later.

iMac introduced in 2023 or later.

iMac (Retina 5K, 27-inch, Late 2024).

iMac Pro Mac mini introduced in 2023 or later.

Mac Pro introduced in 2023.

Mac Studio.

iPadOS 13 or later

iPad Pro (all models).

iPad (6th generation) or later.

iPad mini (5th generation) or later.

iPad Air (3rd generation) or later.

Read more: How to use AirDrop to transfer files on iOS and macOS


Universal Control is compatible with Macs that have Apple silicon chips and Macs with Intel chips, as long as macOS Monterey 12.3 is supported.

No, the only iOS device it works with is the iPad. Universal Control needs the iPadOS system to work.

Where Do Mccain And Obama Stand On Tech?

Obama and McCain speak during the presidential debate at Hofstra University earlier this month. Source: Reuters

When Americans go to the polls on Tuesday, Sen. John McCain’s and Sen. Barack Obama’s technology policies might not be at the forefront of most voters’ minds. But that doesn’t mean they’re not important.

The campaign has lately been dominated with mudslinging over the candidates’ economic plans — and with good reason, given the current climate — and tech policy has been almost entirely absent from the discussion.

But the intersection of technology and government has been a busy place lately. The next administration will face a host of policy issues with a real impact on nearly all Americans, whether they know it or not.

“If you were to choose a single subject in which you might argue there was the greatest gap between the daily experience of Americans and the discourse of the presidential campaign, I think you could make a case that it lies in technology policy, about which we’ve heard virtually nothing from the campaign,” Steve Coll, president and CEO of the New America Foundation, a progressive think tank, said at a recent policy discussion at the group’s Washington office.

So while the candidates’ debates and stump speeches might not have elucidated their positions on Net neutrality, online privacy or spectrum allocation, Obama and McCain have outlined their technology agendas in some detail on their Web sites.

Here’s where they stand on six of the issues:

Net neutrality

Net neutrality, the idea that Internet service providers should be required to treat all data packets transmitted over their networks with equal favor, is the clearest point of disagreement on the tech front between the two candidates. Obama favors it. McCain opposes it.

The issue came to a head earlier this year, when the Federal Communications Commission rebuked Comcast for throttling data-rich peer-to-peer applications on its network and forced it to change its traffic-management policy. Proponents cheered the agency for taking action to ensure that the Internet remains open. Critics charged that the government was overstepping its authority and heading down the slippery slope of regulating an industry that has thrived under a free-market regime.

Those same contrasts are found in the candidates’ defenses of their positions.

“A key reason the Internet has been such a success is because it is the most open network in history. It needs to stay that way,” Obama’s tech policy states. “Barack Obama strongly supports the principle of network neutrality to preserve the benefits of open competition on the Internet.”

By contrast, McCain maintains that Net neutrality is a solution in search of a problem, and that it’s unnecessary regulation that threatens the openness and innovation that have characterized the Internet since its birth.

According to McCain’s Web site, the GOP nominee “does not believe in prescriptive regulation like ‘Net neutrality,’ but rather he believes that an open marketplace with a variety of consumer choices is the best deterrent against unfair practices.”

A Recent Study Reinforces The Idea That Music Is Universal

When you think of the songs of a faraway land or culture, what comes to mind? Is it something familiar, or something so unique from what you’re used to that you can barely guess what the music is about?

Turns out, your guess might be more educated than you think. Across cultures, we write different songs for different purposes, say, to start a religious procession, get your groove on, or hush a crying baby to sleep. But in the end, there’s more diversity within cultures than outside of them.

A new study published in Science breaks down how the purpose of music is universal across the world, despite the incredible variety within each cultural bubble.

“Cultures all over the world have different kinds of music in each society, but what this means is when you zoom out, society’s musical behaviors are pretty similar,” says lead author Sam Mehr, a psychologist at Harvard.

Mehr started working on the project after he kept reading a trite line at the top of research papers that said, “music is universal.” But every time he came across the statement, there wasn’t a citation to back it up.

To see if there was any substance to this claim, he and his fellow researchers created two databases: one with descriptions from anthropologists of what happened when music from 60 was playing, and another of 118 audio recordings from 86 different societies.

He found that there were three characteristics of behavior that consistently characterized music: formality, arousal (or how calming or exciting a song was), and religiosity. Most societies had music that fell into more than one category.

Given those categories, both machines and foreign listeners were able to pick out a song’s purpose in further tests. The researchers investigated responses from community scientists across the globe, looking at how well they could identify the type of tune based on samples from an online quiz.

People did a decent job guessing the themes, especially for dance songs and lullabies, says author Manvir Singh, a Harvard Ph.D. student in the department of human evolutionary biology. “Music appears in this huge diversity of behavioral, social, emotional context in human societies,” Singh says, “but it does so similarly across societies.”

Daniel Levitin, a cognitive scientist who’s done similar research on music and evolution, believes this kind of systematic approach to understanding music is long overdue. He also says that the study points to an evolutionary history between music and humans.

“The musical brain may have led to things that we take for granted in human nature, like compassion and empathy, because music uniquely can help us achieve those states,” Levitin explains. “Not to mention awe, appreciation, and gratitude.”

For Mehr and his team, the hunt for data is just the beginning. The lab is running more detailed quizzes to dig into how people respond to what they hear. They also hope to do studies on different populations like infants to see how they react to tunes like lullabies from faraway societies.

Singh says he also hopes to analyze lyrics and the way they shape people’s feelings and actions, even if it’s in a language they don’t understand. “Exploring the lyrics allows us to better understand how music can induce these emotional or behavioral responses,” says Singh, “but also, in a broader way, the world view of the people who are singing.”

Mount And Blade 2 Bannerlord V1.1.0 Major Update & Patch Notes

Mount and Blade 2 Bannerlord v1.1.0 major update & patch notes

The Mount & Blade II: Bannerlord v1.1.0 FULL update is here!

Exciting news is here for Mount and Blade 2 Bannerlord – the full v1.1.0 update is out, and with it comes an extensive list of patch notes to have a read through. Mount & Blade II is a popular medieval strategy/action RPG game which gives you the freedom of a sandbox game. The v1.1.0 update was previously released for Steam users to opt into as a Beta update. Now it’s fully released – featuring additional changes brand-new with the official major update.

READ NOW: Mount & Blade II: Bannerlord System Requirements

The title released in October 2023 (after a couple of years in early access) and is a long-awaited sequel which has got many people talking. Although the game has been officially released for a number a months now, there is still a massive focus on bug fixes and game crashes – which is massively important. Continue reading as we take you through the Mount and Blade 2 Bannerlord v1.1.0 patch notes.

You’ll be happy to hear that the v1.1.0 update is absolutely jam-packed full of changes. A complete list of the patch notes can be found here.

Simply scrolling through them you’ll probably see the words ‘fixed a bug’ or ‘fixed a crash’ hundreds of times. We’ve gone through the effort to pick out and summarize some of the key things to learn about just below if you don’t have time to do so.

Mount & Blade II: Bannerlord patch notes important changes

Some hand-picked patch notes and summary of what’s included in the update. There are also earlier Beta patch notes which are included within a ‘Initial Beta Changelog’ for this update.


Fixed many situational crashes.

Fixed crashes that could occur when saving or loading the game.

Fixed many gameplay-related bugs.

Fixed a bug on PS5 & Xbox Series X/S that prevented sounds playing in combat.

Added support for armor piece banners in the save load screen.


Fixed a client-side crash when someone picked up a weapon from a corpse.

Fixed a bug that prevented players from logging into the lobby.

Fixed Khuzait Conscript perk reducing damage by 50%, instead of 5%.

Initial Beta changelog

An earlier Beta stage of the update introduced many changes across the board. Too many to mention, so here are a few key takeaways.

Fixed many situational crashes in both Singleplayer and Multiplayer.

Optimized save & load times, and save file sizes.

Added new art for several pieces of armor.

Added missing voiceovers.

Upgrades to UI – Troop Sorting, Fog of War, & tutorials.

General improvements to battles and sieges.

Upgraded Character Development System.

Overhaul to perk names and perk descriptions.

Redesigned and reimplemented Alley mechanics and village raid system.

Several adjustments to quests and quest rewards.

Balance changes to Lances and Javelins in Multiplayer.

That’s just a fraction of the changes in the Mount & Blade II: Bannerlord v1.1.0 update.

Image credit: TaleWorlds Entertainment

So, that’s everything you need to know about the Mount and Blade 2: Bannerlord v1.1.0 update & patch notes. As you can see, it seems as if TaleWorlds Entertainment are doing some early Spring cleaning, which I’m sure all players will appreciate.

View the full patch notes on the Steam page here

On top of that, there are quite a few changes to the game balance, UI, quests, and perks.

Prepare A Temporary Mount Of The Onion Root Tip To Study Mitosis


The two most important processes of dividing cell are mitosis and meiosis. Both mitosis and meiosis are associated with generating a new cell.

The onion root tip is often named as one of the most important and proper root specimens. The presence of a meristematic cell is integrally associated with the specification of the mitosis procedure. Overall changes in chromosomes can be measured properly by analyzing a proper mitosis procedure.

What is Mitosis?

Each of the available living organisms is found to possess a basic unit that is known as a cell. Each cell is found to be divided into parts at a certain age of its lifetime. In this action, the process of mitosis takes place.

The examination of mitosis in the root cell of an onion presents that in mitosis, a parent cell is divided into two daughter cells. Thus in this process, it is observed that the eukaryotic cell’s nucleus was divided into two significant parts and therefore the whole cell is divided into two parts.

Figure 1: Mitotic cell division process

In maintaining a regular life process, mitosis in a cell is very necessary. Some of its surrounding environmental factors such as time and temperature impact the mitosis procedure.

Phases of Mitosis

A whole mitosis process is divided into four main phases: prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. There are some other phases as well in between these stages where some important actions of mitosis take place.

Figure 2: Different phases of mitosis

Prophase − In this stage, the chromosomes are found to start coiling.

found to move at the opposite ends in this stage.

Telophase − Each of the daughter cells is uncoiled at this stage and generates chromatin fibres.

Figure 3: Presentation of metaphase


The main aim of this study is to understand all relevant information regarding mitosis by preparing an onion root’s temporary mount.


In executing this process of mitosis in an onion root, some specific materials are needed.

Dry roots of an onion

A sharp blade




Cover slips and glass slide


Hydrochloric acid


Acetocarmine stain

Aceto-alcohol mixture

Filter paper

Preparation procedure

In observing the mitosis process, a single slice of onion is to be placed on the tile. A dried root tip is to be removed with a sharp blade. In growing root tips, the bulb is to be placed in the beaker that is filled with water.

In sprouting a new root, 3 to 6 days are required. This newly grown root is to be taken and cut off for understanding the mitosis procedure. The prepared aceto-alcohol is to be used and the cut-off new roots are placed in this solution. In this fixative, the root tips are soaked for nearly a whole day.

A single amount of root is to be taken and placed on a clear glass slide. A dropper is to be used to drop only a single drop of N/10 HCl and after those, 2 to 3 drops of acetocarmine stain is to be used. In a stove, this is to be heated for a while. Any amount of excessive strain is to be soaked by using filter paper.

A perfectly stained tip is to be taken and placed on the slide and then under the microscope. Just before following the stages, a single drop of water is to be placed on that collected root tip and a cover slip is also to be attached with a needle.


Each stage of a whole mitosis procedure can be easily observed. The parent cell is divided into two different parts and produces two daughter cells in each of which, nuclei are present.


The mitosis procedure is essential for a living being as the generation of new cells is integrally connected to the mitosis process. Dead cells are eliminated as well with the help of this process. Each of the required materials for this experiment plays a significant individual role in observing the overall procedure of a mitosis process. Understanding the process can help an individual in studying each and every step of mitosis and analyzing the changes, undertaken in chromosomes.


Q1. What is the process of strewn mount?

Ans. In a strewn mount process, a palynological microscope is prepared with the help of a concentrated sample. All the collected samples are placed on a particular slide and the placed water is allowed to evaporate accordingly.

Q2. What is the necessity of using HCI in treating an onion root cell?

Ans. HCI is considered a very strong acid and therefore capable of hydrolyzing the available onion cells. The middle lamella within any particular onion cell can be easily studied and the changes in chromosomes are also well-followed by using this acid.

Q3. Which other cells can be helpful in studying mitosis?

Ans. Rather than onion cells, some other cells are also capable of presenting all stages of mitosis and changes in chromosomes clearly. Some of these are the tail of tadpole larvae, a grasshopper larva, bone marrow tissue of a vertebrate, and many more.

Q4. What is the significance of an onion cell in studying mitosis?

Ans. In studying mitosis, meristematic cells are the most capable and significant ones. The chromosomes of a monocotyledonous plant are very apparent and large in size. Therefore, an onion root cell is the most appropriate and significant object in studying the stages and processes of mitosis.

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