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Pixii rangefinder thinks you value Leica lenses over a display
The rangefinder camera might not be the first device you’d think was in need of a smartphone upgrade, but Pixii believes it’s overdue. The French startup says that not only does the phone in your pocket make your standalone camera’s screen surplus to requirements, but its storage, too.
The result is a camera that looks, at first glance, like a modern digital rangefinder. Pixii supports Leica M lenses and, courtesy of adapters, other – more affordable – lenses too. Zeiss and Voigtlander both make compatible glass, the company points out.
Not all of the specifications have been pinned down yet. The CMOS sensor has a 5.5 um pixel pitch, 12-bit sampling rate, and supports ISO 100 to 6400. However Pixii isn’t talking about a specific number of megapixels yet.
What you don’t get is a screen on the back by which you can frame shots or indeed review them afterwards. There’s a viewfinder, but unlike most modern implementations it’s not digital: instead it’s a good old-fashioned optical one. Within that, there are LED backlit frame lines with exposure indicators.
The only display that Pixii actually has, in fact, is a small OLED panel on the top that shows settings like ISO and white balance. A manual shutter speed selector is included, too, but many of the settings are designed to be accessed via the companion smartphone app. It’s that which shows your photos, stored either on the 8 GB or 32 GB of fixed internal storage the camera has, or synchronized automatically to your handset via WiFi b/g/n or Bluetooth.
“The digital camera hasn’t changed much since the 90s,” David Barth, Pixii’s creator, argues. “But now the new generation is learning photography with a smartphone: who understands why a camera still needs to bother with a screen or an SD card?”
Barth’s suggestion is that while good lenses stand the test of time, camera software and supplementary hardware like displays are more transient. Better, then, to hand those over to a smartphone, which is more likely to get regular upgrades. Meanwhile, Pixii itself keeps on taking RAW shots.
It’s not the first time we’ve seen attempts to reinvent the standalone camera for the smartphone era. Relonch, for instance, tried to put the cloud to the forefront with its tradition-bucking camera, doing away with any sort of local review of the images captured in favor of uploading them, post-processing them, and then spitting the best of the results back the next day through the company’s app. After a flashy trial preview, however, Relonch seemingly settled on pushing its editing AI in other ways.
If Pixii is to succeed, it’ll need to be priced right. That’s another detail the company is yet to confirm, saying that price and availability will be confirmed “in the coming weeks.” If it can significantly undercut a Leica camera while still offering lens compatibility and anywhere close to overall image quality, that could still make it a success.
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Canon’s kit lenses are great, but at some point, you need to step out of your comfort zone and get nicer glass. Those looking for the best Canon lenses have come to the right place. We have put together a list of our favorite lenses from the photography giant. We’ve included lenses from different price ranges and shooting styles to fit all users’ needs.
First: The best Canon cameras you can buy right now
The best Canon lenses
Editor’s note: We’ll be updating this list of the best Canon lenses regularly as new ones launchThe best Canon DSLR lenses
Also read: The best DSLR cameras
Canon EF 100mm f/2.8L IS USM Macro
Every photographer should have a good macro lens in their bag, and the Canon EF 100mm f/2.8L IS USM is one of the best Canon lenses. A 12-inch focusing distance and 10mm focal length will let you get up close and personal with any subject. Meanwhile, an f/2.8 aperture can allow plenty of light into the sensor while keeping a shallow depth of field.
Canon EF 24-70mm f/2.8L II USM
In the photography scene, the “holy trinity” is a trio of the best lenses a photographer can get. These can take care of most focal lengths while outputting maximum quality. The Canon EF 24-70mm f/2.8L II USM Lens is the first one, and the following two lenses complete the “trinity.”
This 24-70mm lens has an f/2.8 aperture and quality optics. It is considered the king of standard zoom lenses, but it also comes at a steep price. Regardless, it might become your most valued lens, and it’s definitely among the best Canon lenses.
Canon EF 70-200mm f/2.8L is III USM
The Canon EF 70-200mm f/2.8L is III USM Lens can zoom in even further while keeping a wide aperture. It is an excellent lens for those who need to shoot subjects from a distance. Sports, nature, and street photographers love it. It comes with a mighty price tag, though.
Canon EF 16–35mm f/2.8L III USM
A 16-35mm focal length keeps you covered for capturing wide-angle images. It’s great for landscapes, large subjects, and crowds. The f/2.8 aperture is also great for letting in light and keeping a tighter control on the depth of field. It’s expensive, but it’s worth the price.The best Canon mirrorless lenses
Also read: The best mirrorless cameras
Canon RF 35mm f/1.8 Macro IS STM
This is one of the first Canon lenses with an RF mount you should get. It is pretty affordable for what you get, and the 35mm focal length and f/1.8 aperture will make this a great all-around lens for general purposes. Not only that, but this lens has macro abilities and can focus at a distance of 0.56 feet or 0.17 meters from the subject.
Canon RF 85mm F2 Macro IS STM lens
If you’re looking for a more serious macro lens for your Canon mirrorless system, it doesn’t get much better than the Canon RF 85mm F2 Macro IS STM. The 85mm focal length makes it easier to capture close-up images, and the f/2 aperture is very wide for a macro lens, which usually come with an f/2.8 max aperture at their widest. The price is also very reasonable for a macro lens of this caliber.
Canon RF 24-70mm f/2.8 IS USM
The 24-70mm focal length is considered part of the “holy trinity,” but this lens is specifically made with an RF mount for mirrorless cameras. This is a premium lens that will fit many photo scenarios. With an f/2.8 aperture, the lens is also pretty fast. This is a premium lens, and its price shows it.
Canon RF 70-200mm f/2.8L IS USM lens
The 70-200mm focal length range is great for getting up and close with your subject when you can’t physically get close. This RF mount lens is native to Canon’s mirrorless systems. It is praised for its smaller size, solid construction, and excellent image quality. Its f/2.8 max aperture is also very nice to have. You will have to pay up for the new mount and reduced size, though.
Now that you have the right photography equipment, it’s time to further polish your skills and knowledge on the topic. We have some great educational content you can use to improve your images regardless of your gear.
Mastering manual mode
How to edit on Lightroom
There’s this great recurring “Saturday Night Live” skit from several years back where Phil Hartman plays an unfrozen caveman who goes to law school. He pontificates on the American judicial system while marveling at modern technology like “the tiny people in the magic box” (a TV). It fits a common stereotype: Human ancestors were, well, cavemen, and not as smart as we are today. A provocative new hypothesis from a Stanford geneticist tries to turn this stereotype upside down.
Human intelligence may have actually peaked before our ancient predecessors ever left Africa, Gerald Crabtree writes in two new journal articles. Genetic mutations during the past several millennia are causing a decline in overall human intellectual and emotional fitness, he says. Evolutionary pressure no longer favors intellect, so the problem is getting exponentially worse. He is careful to say that this is taking quite a long time, so it’s not like your grandparents are paragons of brilliance while your children will be cavemen rivaling Hartman’s SNL character. But he does posit that an ancient Athenian, plucked from 1000 BC, would be “among the brightest and most intellectually alive of our colleagues and companions.”
His central thesis is that each generation produces deleterious mutations, so down the line of human history, our intelligence is ever more impaired compared to that of our predecessors.
“It takes thousands and thousands of genes to build a human brain, and mutations in any one of those can impair that process, that’s absolutely true. And it’s also true that with each new generation, new mutations arise … but Crabtree ignores the other side of the equation, which is selection,” said Kevin Mitchell, associate professor at the Smurfit Institute of Genetics at Trinity College Dublin, who operates the blog Wiring the Brain. “Natural selection is incredibly powerful, and it definitely has the ability to weed out new mutations that significantly impair intellectual ability. There are various aspects in these papers that I think are really just thinking about things in a wrong way.”
Crabtree said he wanted to examine the cumulative effect of generation-to-generation mutation on intelligence, which is thought to be controlled by many genes. Using indices that measure X-chromosome-related mental retardation, he comes up with between 2,000 and 5,000 genes related to human intellectual ability. Using another index measuring average mutations that arise in each generation of children, he calculates that within 3,000 years, “we have all sustained two or more mutations harmful to our intellectual or emotional stability.”
“There is a general feeling that evolution constantly improves us, but it only does that if there is selection applied,” Crabtree said in an interview. “In this case, it is questionable about how much selection is occurring now compared to the process of optimizing those genes, which occurred in the jungles of Africa 500,000 years ago.”
There’s already evidence for this in other areas, he argues: Take our sense of smell. Humans have far fewer olfactory receptors than other animals, he said–we’re guided by our intellect now, not by smell. We can think about where a piece of food came from, how it was processed, which plant it’s from, who has been around it, and so on. A dog, on the other hand, simply sniffs something and either eats it or doesn’t.
“Once you place pressure on intellectual abilities, and take it off of olfactory abilities, the olfactory genes deteriorate,” Crabtree said.
Similarly, he believes evolution now selects for other traits–namely, the most healthy and the most immune, not the most intelligent. Human movement into communities and cities increased the spread of infectious diseases, and those with the strongest physical constitutions survived to pass on their genes, he argues. He said he wanted to publish this hypotheses because geneticists can test for this, in an expensive process that requires saving some genetic information that typically gets discarded.
“Biological systems are robust to degradation of several different components,” Mitchell said. “Evolution has gone to a lot of trouble to craft your genome so it’s finely honed to do its job, and it doesn’t make sense that you would have all this random mutation in your brain cells. Also, you would have a very high rate of brain cancer.”
Mitchell went on to say that it’s true, mutations can lower intelligence– “It’s just, I don’t think, true that the mutational load in the species accumulates over time, because selection weeds out the serious ones. That’s the real distinction that I think gets lost here,” he said. “There’s a conceptual fallacy to his argument, that in effect makes it trivial as opposed to controversial.”
The School of Athens
Would these people be smarter than all of us today?
Other geneticists were somewhat less magnanimous in their disagreement. Steve Jones, a geneticist at University College London, called the papers “arts faculty science” in an interview with The Independent. “Never mind the hypothesis, give me the data, and there aren’t any,” Jones is quoted saying. “I could just as well argue that mutations have reduced our aggression, our depression and our penis length, but no journal would publish that. Why do they publish this?”
Crabtree, for his part, said he was surprised at the reaction. He flew to Hawaii on a long-scheduled vacation the day after Stanford publicized his papers, but seemed bemused by some of the responses when I reached him at his hotel.
Perhaps another reason why this paper is getting so much attention is the connection it shares to eugenics. For some context, I turned to Nathaniel Comfort, a historian of medicine at Johns Hopkins University. Comfort’s recently published book, “The Science of Human Perfection: How Genes Became the Heart of American Medicine,” tackles this subject.
“The notion of the degeneration of our intellect and our mental faculty is a strong theme through much of the history of medical genetics,” he said in an interview. The difference is that the early eugenicists had a more simplistic understanding of biology, he said.
Karl Pearson, a renowned statistician and eugenicist, said in a famous 1903 lecture that Britain was “ceasing as a nation to breed intelligence,” according to In the Name of Eugenics: Genetics and the Uses of Human Heredity by Yale history professor Daniel Kevles. Britain suffered “a dearth of national ability,” evidenced by the lack of any Britons inventing airplanes or automobiles. This was a result of lower, “unfit” segments of the population contributing a disproportionate supply of offspring, Pearson argued. He believed intelligence could not be taught or earned, but merely inherited. Natural selection, he argued, had been replaced by “reproductive selection,” in which evolutionary winners were “the most fertile, not the most fit,” Pearson said.
Comfort said he was intrigued by the similarities in the arguments–from a biological perspective–of Crabtree and early 20th century psychologists like Henry Goddard. Goddard, a prominent psychologist and eugenicist, argued human intelligence was fragile because it stemmed from a single dominant gene. In the new papers, Crabtree argues it’s fragile because it stems from thousands of genes, a disruption in any of which can be detrimental.
“I think there are some serious flaws in the reasoning of that, that it’s a chain, rather than a network,” said Comfort, while noting that he’s not a geneticist. “That seems like an enormous leap. When you’re a historian like I am and you see big leaps like that, and scientific evidence isn’t driving that leap, then something else is. Your politics, your worldview, etc. those are the questions that I start asking about.”
Comfort said historical evidence shows non-scientific impulses can drive the way we look at ourselves.
“Science is never completely value-free. Some science is more value-laden than others–climatology is more laden than particle physics–but something like the genetics of intelligence, and the notion of a deteriorating intelligence, is down toward the value-laden end of the spectrum,” he said. “As a historian, I would say there is no way to talk about it without politics and social issues clouding it. I think they necessarily do. When we choose to describe something like intelligence in terms of the number of genes that determine it, we’re making a social and political choice about what kinds of things matter.”
Crabtree said the argument doesn’t have to wade into eugenics, however; if there is a problem stemming from our declining intellects, it’ll solve itself.
“I think within hundreds of years, we will have ethical and morally acceptable solutions to these problems, if it is a problem. It will never be an issue that needs to be looked at from the standpoint of eugenics; it’s simply a matter of moving along, moving forward,” he said. “I think probably we will be able to deliberately correct any mutations that occur, quite easily, and the day will come when we won’t even hardly think about this. One doesn’t need to be concerned.”
“Global warming is a concern,” he continued. “This is more or less a playground for curious minds.”
Next to the new battery health management and FaceTime adjustments, macOS Catalina 10.15.5 includes a new update for Pro Display XDR owners to be able to fine-tune the calibration of the display by adjusting white point and luminance values to match in-house display calibration targets.
The new fine-tune calibration option joins the previously released ability to establish custom user reference mode presets.
When the Pro Display XDR launched, it lacked the ability to customize its calibration. Sure, it featured several canned profiles that added some ability to adjust display settings, but professional users, especially those in the creative world that needed to match the settings of other in-house displays, required more. macOS 10.15.5 brings a second phase of customization to the table.How to fine-tune the calibration of the Pro Display XDR
When you connect your Pro Display XDR to a Mac running macOS Catalina 10.15.5, you should receive an “Accessory Update Available” notification to update the Pro Display XDR. This update will require you to restart your Mac with the display connected.
Select the Fine-Tune Calibration option, and you’ll be presented with settings to adjust white point and luminance values.
As noted by Apple documentation, this new settings panel allows users to adjust the x and y chromaticity coordinate as described in the CIE 1931 xyY color space when measuring a white image. It will also allow you to adjust the Y value (luminance) as described in the CIE 1931 xyY color space when measuring a white image.
In addition, users have the option of entering a description to describe the details of the customization. When a display is fine-tuned, this description will be displayed under the Current Fine-Tuning section. If the display hasn’t been fine-tuned, this field shows None.
Lastly, this settings panel will also show the date and time when the current fine-tuning was applied.Related video: Pro Display XDR Top features
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Users can apply these settings to adjust the Pro Display XDR to more closely match the look of other in-house display assets. For example, an editor or graphics artists working with other calibrated displays will want the look of the Pro Display XDR to match their other work canvases.
Keep in mind that to apply this update to the Pro Display XDR, you must be running the macOS Catalina 10.15.5 or later. If you haven’t already updated, simply go to System Preferences → Software Updates.9to5Mac’s Take
When the Pro Display XDR launched, it lacked the ability to do things like customize preset settings and fine-tune calibration settings by adjusting white point and luminance values. Apple promised that these features would be added in a later update, and now it has fulfilled these promises.
Granted, these are the type of granular settings that won’t typically be used by general consumers, but considering the target audience for this high-end display — film studios, design houses, and the like — it makes sense. Hopefully this doesn’t mark the end of Pro Display XDR improvements and Apple continues to add new features down the line.
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Definition of Accounting for Fair Value Hedges
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Hedging an asset or liability limits its exposure to extreme changes in value, thereby actively mitigating risk. Fair value hedging applies to any item with a fixed value. The primary purpose of hedging is to mitigate the risk of loss, actively aiming to offset potential declines in asset value. By entering into a hedging position, any gains from the hedged instrument can be a positive factor in the financial statement, thereby reducing the impact on profits caused by a significant drop in the asset’s value.Example of Accounting for Fair Value Hedges
ABC Ltd. owns an asset that has a current fair value of $1,000, and due to the current market scenario, it is forecasted that the value will fall down to $900 and result in a loss. To hedge this loss, the company enters into a derivative contract which has a value of $1,000 same value as the asset. The fair value of the derivative contract will have an opposite value since it is an offsetting position.
Sr. No Profit / Loss Fair Value of Hedged Asset Profit / Loss on Hedged Item Value of Hedged Instrument Profit / Loss on Hedged Instrument Net Profit / Loss
1 Net Loss $900.00 -$100.00 $1,050.00 $50.00 -$50.00
2 Net Profit $980.00 -$20.00 $1,030.00 $30.00 $10.00
3 Break Even $990.00 -$10.00 $1,010.00 $10.00 Break Even
In case there is a decrease in the value of the hedging instrument and an increase in the value of the asset
Sr. No Profit / Loss Fair Value of Hedged Asset Profit / Loss on Hedged Item Value of Hedged Instrument Profit / Loss on Hedged Instrument Net Profit / Loss
1 Net Loss $1,100.00 $100.00 $950.00 -$50.00 -$50.00
2 Net Profit $1,050.00 $50.00 $970.00 -$30.00 $20.00
3 Break Even $1,050.00 $50.00 $950.00 -$50.00 Break EvenHow to Account for Fair Value Hedge?
Accounting for a fair value hedge can be performed by following the below steps:
When there is any change in the fair value of the asset, record it in the financial chúng tôi change resulting from the hedging can be either a profit or a loss, depending on the asset’s current value for which the hedging was conducted.
The current value of the instrument used for hedging needs to be identified. Like in the previous step, a profit or a loss must be recorded on the financial statement.Accounting for Fair Value Hedges Journal Entries
The below entries are based on the date of reporting the entries on the financial statement.
Asset Value of The Asset Increases The asset’s value increase should be debited, i.e. the Asset should be debited. Record this as an increase in the asset value, which will positively impact the financial statement. The Gain on the Hedged Asset A/C should be credited. As a result, the gain in the value will show an increased profit.
Value of The Asset Decreases The Loss on the Hedged Asset A/C should be debited. Since this is a reduction in the asset’s value, this will reduce the profit on the financial statement. The decrease in the value of the asset should be credited i.e. the Asset should be credited. Record this as a decrease in the asset value which will negatively impact the financial statement.
Hedged Instrument Value of the Hedged Instrument Increases The increase in the value of the hedged instrument should be debited; this gain will positively impact the financial statement. The gain needs to be credited to the Gain on the Hedged Instrument A/C
Value of the Hedged Instrument Decreases The decrease must be recorded by debiting the Loss on the Hedged Instrument A/C. Since this is a decrease in the instrument’s value, this will negatively impact the financial statement. The hedged instrument needs to be creditedFair Value Hedge vs Cash Flow Hedge
A fair value hedge is hedging against the risk of an asset’s fair value, which is expected to impact the financial statement. In contrast, a cash flow hedge aims at mitigating the risk associated with the cash flows.
The cash flow hedge mitigates the vulnerability of a cash flow related to an asset, liability, or transaction related to a particular risk. The company formulates a cash flow hedge to minimize the risk of paying more for a raw material than expected.Conclusion
Fair Value Hedging refers to the practice of hedging risks on the value of an asset by entering into a position that might result in an equivalent amount of stability; this, thereby, does not impact the financial statements as much as it would not have been a hedge position. Unlike a cash flow hedge, a fair value hedge mitigates the risk associated with an asset based on the fair value of the asset. The performance of the hedged instrument decides whether the hedging position entered was fruitful and practically minimized or mitigated the risk to the extent that the cost and efforts involved in entering the hedge position were worth it. Fair value hedging can result in magnified losses if the hedging instrument fails since the asset’s value is expected to fall.Recommended Articles
This is a guide to Accounting for Fair Value Hedges. Here we also discuss the definition, examples, and fair value hedge vs cash flow hedge. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –
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