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The reboot and select proper boot device error will prevent Windows from starting, so it’s important to fix it.
It can be caused by misconfigured BIOS settings, such as a wrong booting order, or hardware failure.
If you’re getting the reboot and select proper boot device message on a new PC, make sure that you’re using an active partition.
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Reboot and select proper boot device message can be quite problematic since it will prevent you from starting Windows.
It occurs when you try to start your PC and prevents you from successfully booting. Receiving this error message means that your PC cannot boot using the hard drive it is meant to boot from and is asking you to select another device.What causes the reboot and select proper boot device error?
There are numerous causes for this issue, but the most likely ones are BIOS settings or hardware failures. Here are some possible culprits:
Choosing the wrong hard drive to boot from
The boot order is wrong
There is a hard drive failure
The Legacy Boot option is enabled or disabled
The hard drive that Windows is set to boot from is not detected
If you encounter the error message on your PC, don’t be alarmed. In this guide, we have a couple of solutions that will surely help you fix this issue and get your Windows 10 or Windows 11 PC to boot again properly.How can I fix the reboot and select proper boot device error? 1. Enable or disable Legacy Boot (only UEFI computers)
Restart the computer and enter UEFI settings.
Search the Legacy Boot option.
Enable or disable Legacy Boot.
Verify if the problem disappeared.
The Reboot and select proper boot device message can appear on a new PC, and if that happens, be sure to check the UEFI settings before trying out other solutions.2. Change the boot order in BIOS
1. Restart the computer and enter BIOS. To do this, you need to press the BIOS shortcut key for your specific device. It could be: F2, F10, F12, Delete, Esc, etc.
2. Choose the Boot section.
3. Verify the order of boot devices.
4. Set Hard Disk Drive (HDD) as the primary boot source.
5. Press F10 to Save and Exit.
If you ever encounter Reboot and select proper boot device or insert boot media in selected boot device and press a key, usually the problem is your boot order. You can easily change the boot order in the BIOS Setup Program.3. Use Startup Repair and diskpart
This is the first part of the solution called Startup Repair, and at the end, you must restart the computer if you are prompted to.
Once the process has finished, you will be notified if problems were detected and if Startup Repair has fixed them. The second part of this solution involves activating diskpart.
After setting your partition to active, the Reboot and select proper boot device message with your SSD should be gone.
Note: You might have to select a different partition depending on the number of disks and partitions that you have on your PC.4. Replace the CMOS battery
Open your computer case.
Locate the CMOS battery on the motherboard.
Remove the CMOS battery.
Press and hold the Power button for 10 seconds.
Insert the CMOS battery again. Alternatively, you can replace your battery with a new one.
Your computer’s motherboard contains a small circular cell that is the CMOS battery. By removing the battery, you’ll reset your settings to the default and hopefully fix the Reboot and select the proper boot device error.5. Reinstall Windows
This is the ultimate solution available for you if the reboot and select proper boot device error will not disappear after trying the previous ones.
We have an in-depth guide on how to reinstall Windows 10, so be sure to check it out.
In most cases Reboot and select proper boot device message appears due to your BIOS settings, but hopefully, you managed to fix this issue using our solutions.
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Windows BCD Boot Error 0xc0000098 mostly occurs if the Boot Configuration Data File (BCD) gets corrupted.
This BCD file provides storage used for describing boot applications & boot application settings.
When these BCD files get missing or corrupted, Windows does not boot up and displays the error message. Read through this article to know what causes the BCD file error and how to fix it.
A bad RAM
Damaged Hard Drive
Changes made in the hardware
Fortunately, there are solutions to fix Windows BCD errors. Follow the methods explained below and fix the error easily.
A Startup Repair can fix issues with the files that are required to boot into Windows.
So, run a Startup repair when you have received Windows BCD Boot Error 0xc0000098 and cannot boot into Windows normally.
Follow the steps below to do so:
With a bootable device, boot into your OS. When the Windows Logo appears, choose the Repair your Computer option.
This will open the Advanced Startup Recovery menu.
Next, select Troubleshoot.
Once done, restart your PC. If you encounter the same error again, enter Safe Mode and perform further solutions.
Safe Mode helps to start Windows in the basic state with minimal functionalities.
Safe Mode enables you to detect the actual problem, and when you cannot boot into the PC primally, boot into Safe Mode.
Follow the steps given below to enter Safe Mode:
Go to the Advanced Startup Recovery Menu, as shown in the first solution.
Press F5 on your keyboard to enter Safe Mode with the networking option.
Once you enter Safe Mode, now run the system file checker and DISM scans.
Corrupted or missing system files can cause BCD Windows errors.
So, run the System File Checker or SFC scan to check for missing or corrupted system files.
So, follow the steps given below to run SFC scan:
Type cmd in the Windows search box & select Run as administrator option.
Once Windows finishes scanning, run a DISM scan.
DISM scan repairs the corrupted Windows images that can cause error 0xc0000098.
Copy & paste the following command in the elevated Command Prompt window & press the Enter key:
DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /CheckHealth
Once the scan finishes, restart your PC. If you still cannot boot into Windows normally, run a Chkdsk scan.
A Chkdsk scan helps to identify the damaged sector or any malfunction of your hard drive.
To run the chkdsk scan, follow the method given below:
Open an elevated Command Prompt window.
Copy & paste the following command in the elevated Command Prompt Window and press Enter:
chkdsk C: /f /r /x
Wait till the scan gets completed. Restart your PC & see if the problem is resolved. If you still get the same BCD error, rebuild BCD.
You can use chúng tôi tool available for Recovery to rebuild BCD.
To finish the task, follow the instructions as given:
Open an elevated Command Prompt window.
Copy & Paste the following list of commands one after another and hit Enter after each command:
If these commands fail, then enter the command given below:
bcdedit /export C:BCD_backup
attrib BCD -s -h -r
ren c:bootBCD BCD.old
Exit the CMD window and restart your PC. This should fix the BCD error.
How do I force my PC to boot from a CD?
To force your PC to boot from a CD, go to the BIOS settings and ensure that the optical drive is in the first boot sequence. This will ensure that your PC boots from a bootable disk.
Why is my Windows not booting without a CD or USB?
Ensure that the PC is set to boot from the external drive.
You can manually take a step then your PC powers up to start it from the DVD or CD.
What does error code 0xc0000098 on Windows 11 BCD mean?
When you get error code 0xc0000098 on Windows 11, it will prevent you from booting into Windows normally. This happens when the BCD file gets corrupted or lacks the boot entries.
Send us feedback if the above methods could help you fix Windows BCD Boot Error 0xc0000098.
Write to us in the reply section below for any related suggestions or queries.
If your Microsoft Surface device currently doesn’t allow you to rotate your screen correctly, follow along as this guide takes you through several different troubleshooting steps you can use to fix this issue. More often than not, this issue is caused by a software issue or an incorrect setting.
How to Fix Google Chrome and/or Microsoft Edge Chromium ‘Aw, Snap! Something went wrong while displaying this webpage’ When Endpoint Protection is Enabled.
Microsoft Surface devices have come a long way since they were first released and now work near flawlessly with Windows 10’s current version. That said, there are still times when you may encounter some minor bugs with the touch screen actions or the way the screen rotates. Thankfully, most of these issues are usually software related, so can be fixed with very little trouble. Though do take a little bit of time to identify. The issue this article will be addressing is screen rotation on Surface devices not working correctly or as quickly as it should/used to.
Before you start the steps shown below, make sure you have checked your screen rotation settings. To do this swipe from the right edge of the screen to reveal the Action Center, then make sure the Auto Rotation Lock symbol is dimmed. If it is that means it’s deactivated. To activate it, tap the lock or use your mouse, and it should be working again. If you have the cover/keyboard attached your surface device it will auto-lock to landscape, so keep this in mind. Once you’ve done, this Restart your device as well.
Related: How to Screen Share From Facebook Messenger. (Share Your Phone Screen From Facebook Messenger)How Do You Fix Microsoft Surface Devices Not Rotating Screen Correctly? Run the Sensors Troubleshooter to Fix Screen Not Rotating on Microsoft Surface Devices.
The final thing you can try before restoring your Surface device to defaults is the Microsoft sensor troubleshooting tool. This tool aims to diagnose all your Surface devices sensors and has a great track record for doing so.Restore Your Surface Device to Default Settings.
If nothing so far has worked, the last option you can try is factory resetting your Microsoft Surface device. This should get things working again, however, it does take a hell of a lot of work to get your device back to the way you like it. So use this as a last resort. If after a clean slate/restore your device still doesn’t function correctly, you may have to send it in for an RMA or back to the place you purchased it.On a Side Note…
How to Use More Than One WhatsApp Account At the Same Time on Windows 10, MacOS, and Linux.
Despite all of the marvelous features it has, including the highest possible refresh rate for smartphones and powerful cameras, Samsung Galaxy S20 series still has its own imperfections in terms of usability. One of them is the reported random reboots on some of the purchased phones experienced by users. Samsung claims they are still working to solve the issue. Still, it will take time until it can be completely fixed.
The reboot bug is truly random, as there is no particular pattern that causes the phone to do so. It’s also not clear whether the issue comes from the software or the hardware. Fortunately, an article from XDA Developers mentions that Samsung developers have found the source of the trouble and working on an update to solve the issue. Although, there’s no definite timeframe so we can only wait for it regardless of how long.
That said, people have been trying to address the problem themselves by implementing various fixes. Let’s take a look at some of the troubleshooting tips that may help you address the annoying random restart issue.1. Reboot Phone in Safe Mode to Check for Corrupt Files
Slide down from the top part of the screen, and then tap the power icon at the top.
There, you’ll see three options; Power off, Restart, and Emergency mode. Press and hold the Power off icon until the “safe mode” notification comes up.
Tap on the Safe mode icon. From there, the phone will restart into the safe mode automatically.
Once you are in safe mode, there should be a “safe mode” watermark at the bottom left of the screen.
Use the phone for a while to see if the phone still randomly reboots itself. If not, then it’s certain some third-party apps are having issues with the firmware. Safe mode disables any third-party apps. You may need to recall when was the first time the phone randomly restart and then uninstall any download apps up until that point.
If the phone still does random reboot even if it’s in safe mode, try another troubleshoot method below.2. Use the Phone While it’s Charging to Check for the Battery Problem
Before we begin, you may have heard that using your smartphone while it charges is not a good idea since it may lower the battery life or even cause an explosion. However, you should know that this is not the case for modern smartphones. Samsung themselves even reassure that doing so won’t endanger your phone nor you in any way.
When you use your phone, the battery will charge at a slower rate to compensate for using the power for the ongoing usage. In other words, when you play with your smartphone while it charges, you can almost say that you are using electricity directly from the wall socket instead of the battery. Since this is the case, using the phone while it charges will make sure that the random restart issue doesn’t come from the battery. As a side note, Make sure that you use the original cable provided out of the box to avoid any further issues.
If the random reboot doesn’t appear anymore, it’s safe to say the problem lies within the battery. You might have a defective battery in the first place, so replacing it is most likely the best option. Otherwise, if the bug still persists, another troubleshooting method is needed.3. Factory Reset to Check for Hardware Problems
This is the last resort method that you can do to make sure you clean away almost all the entire probable sources of random reboot bug, at least from the software side. Factory reset erases all of the modified data inside of a phone, turning it into a virtually the same state as it first comes out from the factory. By doing this, we hope that any changes resulting in the random restart issue will be annulled, although it’s not a guarantee.
Make sure you back up all of your essential data first before factory resetting the phone. To do a factory reset, follow these steps:
Open the Settings app.
Locate and tap the General management setting. You may need to scroll down until you get at the bottom.
Under General management, tap Reset.
There, you will find the Factory data reset option, tap it.
Before you do a factory reset, you will be informed of any app or data that will be erased once you’ve done the procedure. If you are ready, scroll down until you reach the bottom and hit Reset (you may need to enter security code).
On the next screen, tap Delete all.
The procedure may take several minutes. Once it’s completed, try out your phone and see if the random reboot is still happening. If nothing changes, the problem may lie on the hardware, so you can take the phone to the Samsung service center.
The error message “No audio device is installed” indicates the Operating System is having trouble identifying an audio device which results in no audio output from the computer. Due to unknown reasons, the audio output device gets disabled, sometimes even after a major Windows update. If that’s the case for you, we can simply fix the issue by enabling it.
However, that may not be the only reason the error “No audio device is installed” is displayed. Here in this article, we have listed some other reasons that can cause the error and solutions to fix the issue.What Causes “No audio output device is installed” Error Message?
Here is a list of reasons the Operating System has issues on detecting the audio output device.
Audio output device disabled
Corrupted driver files
An issue with Windows Update
Outdated driver or Windows
Faulty sound card
Wrong Registry Entries
Now that we know what can stop the OS from detecting an audio output device, let us get right into how we can fix the issue.Fixing “No audio output device is installed” Error
Before we start, let us see if the computer is detecting the audio drivers. If not, then the issue is most likely with the audio drivers.
Please follow these steps to verify that the installed sound drivers and device is actually recognized.
Press the Windows + R key and type “dxdiag“ and press Enter.
Go to Sound tab. Here, check for Device and Drivers.
If the system recognizes the sound card and driver, its Name, Version or and the Hardware ID will be displayed.
Perform Solution Update/Roll Back Drivers if the system is not detecting the driver.
Here are solutions that you can try to play sound from the computer once again.Enable Disabled devices
When we update Windows, many settings can get changed due to unknown reasons. Similarly, one of the changes is a disabled audio output device. Once disabled, if the computer is not connected to another audio output device, it cannot produce any sound.
For Windows 10,
Now, once the Sound Dialog box opens, follow these steps.
Once we enable the speaker, the OS should detect the audio device.Run the Audio Troubleshooter
The troubleshooter utility in Windows allows users to pinpoint and fix errors with components like the network adapter, internet, microphone, display, and audio. If enabling the audio device does not work, running the audio troubleshooter can figure out what is causing the issue and suggests possible solutions to fix the problem.
The steps mentioned below will guide you in the troubleshooting process.
For Windows 11,
For Windows 10,
Once we run the Troubleshooter follow these steps
The troubleshooter may or may not display the same process as above. The steps that the troubleshooter displays depend on the type of issue you face. Therefore, after step 6, you may not get the same troubleshooting steps.Scan Hardware Changes
Sometimes, due to unknown reason, the system may have difficulties in detecting audio devices and driver. If this is the case, we can scan the hardware for any changes to bring the driver back and make the device-detectable again.
We can follow these mentioned steps to scan for hardware changes.
Similarly repeat the same steps for Sound, Video, and game controllers and System devices.Run SFC Command
The SFC or the System File Checker command is responsible for finding and replacing any corrupted or missing system files. As driver files are also system files, any corrupted sound driver files can be fixed using the SFC command.
The following steps will guide you in running the SFC command.
Press the Windows + R key simultaneously to open Run.
Type “cmd” without a quotation mark and press Ctrl + Shift + Enter to open Command Prompt as administrator.
Now type “sfc /scannow” without quotations and press Enter.
Now the command will check for any corrupted system files and fix them. It will take a few minutes to complete this process.Check for Hardware Issues
If you are on a desktop computer, the port or cable that connects the speaker to the computer may be damaged. Try connecting the speaker to another computer and make sure that the speaker works without any issue. If it works there may be some issue with the ports on the computer.
We can also check for dust settlement on the 3.5mm jack that may be stopping the connection. Also, make sure that the 3.5mm jack is plugged in the right port, i.e., the speaker port. If connected to the microphone port, the computer will not detect the output device.
Any damage to the Speaker cable can also stop the system from detecting the speaker. So, make sure that there are no visible damages to the cable.
The system will also have an issue detecting the audio output device if we connect the 3.5mm jack to the wrong port. The 3.5mm microphone jack is pretty similar to the 3.5mm speaker jack and it can be mistaken. If so, the system will not detect an audio device.
Also, ensure that the headphone jack is completely inserted onto the port as a loose connection can also cause this issue.Change Registry Values
Wrong changes in the Registry values can also stop the OS from detecting the audio driver. The Windows Registry contains all the Internal OS settings like registry keys and value data. Therefore, a small change in the registry can cause the “No audio output device installed” error message.
However, we need to be very careful while changing any values inside the registry, as wrong changes can slow down the OS or even render it useless in some cases.
Backing up the registry is always recommended before making any changes to it.
Follow these steps to back up the Windows Registry.
Now that we have created a backup. Let’s change the registry values to fix the audio issue.
Open the Registry Editor by following steps 1 and 2 from above.
Now, on the right panel, check the Data column from ConsoleSecurity. If this value is (zero-length binary value), continue with the following steps. However, if the value from ConsoleSecurity in the Data column is a set of two numbers, proceed with another solution.
Close the Registry Editor dialog box and run Command Prompt as administrator.
Enter the following command and press Enter.
Above command will replace previous value from ConsoleSecurity in the Data column to sets of two integer numbers.
Once the process is complete, restart your computer.Update/Rollback Drivers
The Operating system (OS) to communicate with any devices requires a specific device driver. If this driver is not up-to-date, issues can arise when the OS tries to connect to the device. Therefore, updating sound drivers can fix the problem that we face.
There are multiple audio and speaker drivers, so we will need to update all of them. Here is a list of drivers that we need to update.
All audio drivers inside Sound, video and game controllers
High Definition Audio Controller, located inside System devices
Sometimes, the OS will also face issues while detecting audio drivers when connected to an external monitor through HDMI. Therefore, we may even have to update drivers such as the Display Audio driver (located inside Sound, video and game controller).
If automatically updating the audio drivers does not work, we can also use the audio-chip-manufacturers download center to get the latest driver. Most motherboards use Realtek HD audio drivers. We can use its download center to get the latest driver and install it manually.
For Intel audio drivers are packaged into the graphics driver. Therefore, if you are an Intel user, download the latest graphics driver from Intel’s Official Download Center.
As for AMD, we can download the latest audio driver which is also embedded onto the graphics driver in AMD’s Official Download Center.
However, updating the driver to the latest version may not be best as sometimes, a driver update is also known to bring in some bugs to your system. If that’s the case, we can always roll back a driver update. The following steps will guide you through a driver roll-back process.
If updating and rolling back the driver does not fix the issue with OS not detecting the audio device, we can uninstall all audio drivers and perform a clean install. Uninstalling and reinstalling will replace all driver files, including any corrupted files that were causing the issue.Update Windows
Microsoft is constantly fixing bugs and problems in their Operating System by constantly providing Windows updates. So, if we have not updated the system and Windows stops detecting any component, it is ideal to Update Windows to the latest versions.
Here are the steps to update Windows.
Note: Installing Windows Update will also update all drivers to the latest version.Uninstall Windows Update
Although updating Windows to the latest version will solve most issues with it, there are cases where the Windows update itself consists of bugs and errors. Therefore, if the OS stops detecting the audio device after a Windows update, there is a good chance that some bugs in the Windows update are causing this issue.
If that’s the case for you, we can always uninstall recent updates. The following steps will guide you in uninstalling the latest Windows update.
This undocumented feature in iOS 13 is supported on iPhone, iPod touch and iPad.
It’s not often that you learn a neat new iOS trick like this one. Trust me, two-finger tap is extremely handy when deleting a long list of emails, messages, notes or other items. Follow along with our tutorial included right ahead to learn how you can boost your efficiency and productivity by being able to quickly select messages, emails, files or notes with two-finger tap.How to use two-finger tap in iOS 13
As mentioned, you can use the two-finger tap gesture in the following Apple apps:
As more stock apps adopt this gesture, we’ll update this tutorial with new instructions.How to select multiple messages
The two-finger tap gesture works both in the main Message list and when chatting.From the main Messages list
Here’s how to quickly access the editing interface in the main message list and save time versus having to tap that difficult-to-access Edit button.
1) Launch the Messages app and navigate to the main list.
2) Tap any message thread with two fingers.
3) Now drag with two fingers up or down to select multiple messages.
To scroll your message list while in Edit mode, simply swipe up or down with one finger.
To select multiple lines, swipe with two fingers while in Edit mode.
Once you’ve selected a range of messages to deal with, you can delete them all at once or mark them as read/unread by tapping the respective Delete or Read button.
Doing a three-finger tap is quicker than hitting the three-dotted icon near the top-right corner and choosing the option Select Messages from the menu that pops up at the bottom.
TUTORIAL: How to add subject lines to texts in the Messages app
Now you know how to quickly select, move and delete multiple SMS, MMS or iMessage texts in the Messages app with a two-finger tap and drag on your iPhone and iPad.From the chat view
And this is how you invoke Edit mode when inside a message.
1) Launch the Messages app.
2) Tap a messages thread to open it.
3) Perform a two-finger tap on a message you’d like to act on.
4) Scroll with two fingers to select multiple messages to move or delete.
To scroll your message list while in Edit mode, simply swipe up or down with one finger.How to select multiple emails
Here’s how you can quickly access the Edit option in the Apple Mail app.
1) Launch the Mail app on your iPhone or iPad.
2) Navigate to the inbox you’d like to use.
3) Tap with two fingers on an email to enter Edit mode.
4) Drag with two fingers up or down to select multiple emails.
To scroll the list, simply swipe up or down with one finger.
This may or may not be faster than tapping the Edit button in the upper-right corner.
Once you’ve selected a range of email messages you wish to use, you can move them all to a different folder by tapping Move at the bottom, clear them out by choosing the Trash option or mark them as flagged, read or junk by choosing the option Mark.
TUTORIAL: How to flag emails with different colors
Now you know how to quickly select, move and delete multiple emails in the Mail app with a two-finger tap and drag on your iPhone and iPad.How to select multiple notes
Here’s how to access the Edit option in Notes faster than the usual method.
1) Launch the Notes app on your iPhone or iPad.
2) Tap the default notes folder or one of your custom folders with multiple notes in it.
3) Tap with two fingers on a note to enter Edit mode.
4) Drag with two fingers up or down to select multiple notes.
To scroll the list, simply swipe up or down with one finger.
Performing a two-finger tap and drag is much faster versus tapping the three-dotted button located in the upper-right corner, then choosing Select Notes from the popup menu.
TUTORIAL: How to use password-protected notes
Once you’ve selected a range of notes, you can move them to a different folder all at once or perform a bulk-delete operation by tapping the Move All or Delete All button, respectively.
Now you know how to quickly select, move and delete multiple notes in the Notes app with a two-finger tap and drag on your iPhone and iPad.How to select multiple files
The two-finger tap gesture is available in the Files app, too.
1) Launch the Files app on your iPhone or iPad.
2) Tap a source in the Locations list.
3) Tap with two fingers on a file or folder to enter Edit mode.
4) Now drag with two fingers up or down to select multiple items at once.
And that’s your shortcut for performing multi-item selections in iOS 13’s Files app.Need help? Ask iDB!
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