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Windows command line utility, known as CMD or Command Prompt, is one of the most powerful tools that Microsoft offers to the Windows users. However, it is also one of the creepiest and not-so user friendly command line utilities you can find. You can’t even resize the command prompt window or change the fonts as per your requirements. If you have ever used a Linux or Unix command line utility (Terminal), you will know how useful it is to have a customizable command line utility.
Luckily, there are plenty of third party Windows command prompt alternatives and Console 2 is one of the best.Console 2 – A Command Prompt Replacement
Console 2 is a free and highly recommended command prompt alternative for Windows with a whole lot of features and eye-candy. To start using it, just download Console 2 from its official website. There is installation required. Simply extract the zip file to your C drive and you are good to go.
With this change, you can start using Powershell by selecting Powershell from the “New Tab” dropdown menu. Along with Powershell, you can also integrate other shells like Cygwin, Git Bash, Visual Studio CDM, etc.., so that you will have a consistent user interface.
Another handy feature is the keyboard shortcuts. They are found under the “Hotkeys” section in Console 2 settings, and you can easily change them to your liking.
Here you will see a host of tweaks where you can change the type of font, Windows smoothing, window position, docking, custom window titles, etc.
If you want to set transparency to your command screen, you can do so by navigating to the “More” section under “Appearance.”Conclusion
Console 2 delivers the same functionality as the regular Windows command prompt but does the task in a more appealing way. It adds several missing features in the Windows command prompt. If you are a regular Command Prompt user, do give Console 2 a try and see what you think.
Vamsi is a tech and WordPress geek who enjoys writing how-to guides and messing with his computer and software in general. When not writing for MTE, he writes for he shares tips, tricks, and lifehacks on his own blog Stugon.
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The Windows 10 installation or upgrade is done using the setup executable. This chúng tôi file is found within the image file for the installation media and is used to upgrade or install a fresh copy of Windows 10 on the computer. If you wish to modify the behavior of the Windows installation, you can do so using the Windows 10 setup command prompt switches.
Here, we shall take a look at some of the Windows 10 chúng tôi command line switches, and how you can use them to modify the way Windows installs on your computer.
Note: You can find the parameters for any switch using the attribute ‘/?’ next to the command line switch
There are many command line switches that can be used to alter the way your windows installation behaves. here are some of these discussed below.
this switch is used to automate the installation process, along with a migration choice for the installation. when used, the media setup user interface and progress screens are displayed by default, but no user input is required and the installation is automatically completed. This is the command you will use for Windows 10 unattended upgrade.
The following settings will be applied:
EULA will be accepted.
Dynamic Update will be enabled.
Telemetry and Data Upload will be opted in.
OOBE will be skipped.
PBR will be created.
The supported parameters include Upgrade; DataOnly; Clean
Syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade
For Windows 10 unattended upgrade if you wish to use the answer files, you will have to use this command line switch. Note that the /auto switch parameter does not work with this switch. Answer files are XML based files that contain the configuration settings and their values, which Windows setup will use during the installation and upgrade.
Syntax: setup.exe /unattend:\servershareunattend.xml
If you wish to install the setup with an option to revert to the previous version, you can use this switch to include that control. You can toggle this switch using the Enable or Disable parameters.
Syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /uninstall disable
The quiet switch is used to hide all the user elements during the process of installing the operating system. It will also hide the rollback user interface. This is one of the methods if you wish to leave the upgrade to run in the background while you work on other things.
Syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /quiet
With this particular switch, You can direct Windows set up two alter the thread priority according to how much resources you want the setup program to use. you can use the normal and low parameters to increase or decrease the thread priority to the Windows setup.
syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /priority low
When Installing a new copy of the Windows operating system, the set up scans the system requirements to check if your device is compatible with the operating system or not. you can either ignore the compatibility issues or make the setup return an exit code for any compatibility issues as found.
The parameters to control this Switch are IgnoreWarning and ScanOnly, which performs the actions mentioned above respectively.
Syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /compat ScanOnly
If you are running low on system space, you can use this switch to store the temporary installation files on a specified partition. The switch takes the target drive letter as the parameter, allowing you to specify where you can put the temporary installation files.
Syntax: setup.exe /tempdrive E
If you are working on some important component while upgrading your computer, you can use this switch to prevent the computer from rebooting automatically upon completion of certain low level tasks. Instead, have the setup will continue when you reboot the PC next time.
Syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /noreboot
Starting with version 2004, you can use this parameter to start the offline part of the installation without committing (unlike the /noreboot switch). The primary difference between this switch and the /noreboot switch is that you will need to use the /Finalize switch after you reboot the PC.
Syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /prioriy low /skipfinalize
The dynamic update refers to automatically searching and downloading the latest updates when you upgrade to a higher version of Windows 10. you can use this switch to specify if you want to search and download have the latest updates from Microsoft servers.
it can be toggled using the parameters Enable and Disable.
syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /DynamicUpdate Disable
If you bought your copy of windows from an offline store, you may be supplied with the product key which you will require during upgrading or reinstalling your copy of Windows 10. you may not be required to use this parameter when you are using a media that contains the product ID in the sources folder (look for pid.txt).
For this command line switch, you will use the 25 digit product key.
Syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /pkey (enter your 25 digit product key without the brackets)
If you are upgrading to Windows 10 Pro or higher, That has BitLocker drive encryption, you can use this switch and the parameters to Alter the status of BitLocker drive encryption during the upgrade process. The switch supports three parameters, which are discussed below:
AlwaysSuspend: BitLocker drive encryption is kept suspended during the upgrade process. if you do not add a parameter this is the default behavior of the chúng tôi app.
TryKeepActive: if you hard working on your computer while the upgrade process is running in the background, you can use this parameter to try the upgrade without suspending the drive encryption. If the upgrade process fails, BitLocker will be suspended and the upgrade process will continue.
ForceKeepActive: this parameter will prevent the setup executable from suspending BitLocker. instead, the upgrade will fail if it cannot be completed.
syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /bitlocker AlwaysSuspend
This is a new Windows setup command prompt switch added to Windows 10, Which allows the installation of language packs to the new installation of the operating system. This switch takes the location parameter and you will need to specify where the installation should look for the language packs.
syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /installlangpacks C:UsernameLanguagesSpanish
You can use this parameter to specify a location that contains .inf drivers during the setup process on your Windows 10 system. this switch takes the location parameter, where you will specify the pathname of the folder with the drivers.
syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /InstallDrivers C:Usernamedrivers /noreboot
If you use a lot of peripherals with your device, you may be looking to migrate the drivers from existing installation in order to avoid downloading the required drivers again. This switch will help you achieve this, as you can use the parameters to migrate all the existing drivers or none of them which will allow you to download the latest version of your device drivers.
Syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /migratedrivers none
If you get one of the failure exit codes (check below), you can use this command line switch to copy the failure log to a local file. Do note that you may require admin permissions to copy the logs to a local folder, as this command runs under the System context.
Syntax: setup.exe /copylogs \servershare
When you use the command line switches mentioned above, you may one of the following exit codes. Here is a brief description of what each exit code means:
CONX_SETUP_EXITCODE_CONTINUE_REBOOT = The upgrade process was completed successfully.
CONX_SETUP_EXITCODE_RESUME_AT_COMPAT_REPORT = This means that the setup executable found some compatibility errors, which you will need to resolve before you can continue the upgrade process.
CONX_SETUP_EXITCODE_AUTO_INSTALL_FAIL = This means that the setup option could not be completed because the upgrade data was not accessible.
So there you have it. Now you know the popular Windows 10 setup command prompt switches that you can use to modify the behavior of the setup program. You can find more setup commands on the Microsoft Docs page. Comment below if you found this useful, and to discuss further the same.
Java is one of the most commonly used programming languages. It is also an IDE-intensive programming language, with tight integration with Eclipse. You can run Java programs from the Command Prompt for quick compiling and execution.
If you are just starting to learn Java, this basic guide will help you start running the Java application from the Command Prompt in Windows 10/11.Installing the Java Development Kit (JDK) in Windows
Before you can run a Java program on your computer, you’ll need to have a dedicated compiler installed. This comes within the Java Standard Edition Development Kit (JDK). It’s an essential tool for developing in Java on any platform.
The JDK is not the same as the Java Runtime Environment (JRE), which you’ll already have installed if you’ve ever used a Java application on your machine.
Download the JDK from Oracle’s website – the Windows version. Download any of the following: an x64 installer (shown in the screen), an x64 compressed archive, or an x64 MSI installer.
Note: if you have just simple use for Java software, make sure you do not download the “Java SE Development Kit for Java SE subscribers,” which is on the same download page. If you wish to use Java’s JRE installation for Microsoft Windows, it has been moved to another page.
Run the installer as you would for any other program and follow the instructions.
Note the Windows location where Java is being installed. It will come in handy later when you’re trying to run Java from the Command Prompt.
The installation should be over in just a few seconds. If it is taking a long time, close all of your other apps from Task Manager and reinstall the software.
You will see a “Successfully Installed” status in the end.Running a Java Program From the Command Prompt
Create a simple Java program like the one below using Notepad or another text editor.
Make sure to save the file with the extension “.java” rather than “.txt.”
Open the Command Prompt from the Windows Start Menu, and don’t forget to run it as “Administrator.”
Use the cd command to change your working directory to the directory containing your Java program. To know which directory to go to, check the saved location of Java on your PC as discussed above.
From here, locate the path to the version of the Java Development Kit (JDK) on your computer. For example, if you’re running 64-bit Windows, that will often be in “C:Program FilesJava.”
Next, set the path to the JDK with the set command:
"Java Version Number".bin
You may need to change the directory path to reflect the current version of Java. Make sure you’re using the Java Development Kit (JDK) directory and pointing to the “bin” folder.
Note: the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) folder also contains a “bin” folder but doesn’t hold the Java compiler. If you get errors around the compilation, make sure you’re using the correct directory path.
Compile the Java program with the javac command as shown below. Be warned that you won’t see anything happen. However, if you use the dir command, you’ll notice a new file in your directory ending in the “.class” extension, indicating the program has been compiled.
Use the java command to run your program:
You’ll see the program run within the Command Prompt window, but there’s one more task you can do to make sure your Java program runs smoothly: set your path.Setting a Permanent PATH
The above command doesn’t set your Java compiler PATH permanently. It sets the environment variable for that session, but that change will be wiped away when you close the Command Prompt session.
Setting your Java compiler PATH permanently can come in handy if you want your compiled Java programs to run smoothly after a PC reboot. This helps launch the requested programs quickly from the Command Prompt window (or a third-party software like Eclipse).
Follow the steps below to change your PATH variable for all future sessions.
Paste the directory path you used above into the text box. Again, make sure you’re using the Java Development Kit (JDK) directory and not the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) directory next to it.
This article featured a simple Java program, but you can initiate almost any Java program from the Command Prompt. The procedure is straightforward regardless of the nature of your program.Frequently Asked Questions How can I fix “Java is not recognized as an internal or external command” in Windows?
The best way to fix “Java is not recognized as an internal or external command” is to add Java’s bin directory to your computer’s path, as covered above.Windows Command Prompt doesn’t show the results of Java command. How can I fix it?
Image credit: WrightStudio via AdobeStock. All screenshots by Sayak Boral.
Sayak Boral is a technology writer with over eleven years of experience working in different industries including semiconductors, IoT, enterprise IT, telecommunications OSS/BSS, and network security. He has been writing for MakeTechEasier on a wide range of technical topics including Windows, Android, Internet, Hardware Guides, Browsers, Software Tools, and Product Reviews.
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In Windows, you can use the Command Prompt and Windows PowerShell consoles for greater control and faster management of the operating system. Both CLIs (command-line interpreters) also help you troubleshoot serious issues with your PC.
The same goes for the Mac’s Terminal, but its UNIX-based nature requires that you enter a different set of commands.
Table of Contents
If you recently switched to using a Mac, you’ll learn the Terminal equivalents to 15 helpful Command Prompt and Windows PowerShell commands below.1. View System Information
Suppose you want to identify the various hardware and software components (processor, RAM, operating system version, etc.) on your computer. In that case, you can view the information in Command Prompt or Windows PowerShell with the systeminfo command.
In Terminal, execute the following instead:
You can also prompt Terminal to filter the information by data type. For example, you can get an overview of Mac’s hardware only by appending SPHardwareDataType to the end of the command—e.g. system_profiler SPHardwareDataType.
For a list of data types, run the system_profiler -listDataTypes command.2. Ping Devices and Networks 3. Check Network Configurations
The Terminal equivalent opens Interface Configuration and uses the following command:
By default, ifconfig displays active networks only. To make it show all interfaces, run ifconfig -a instead.4. Flush DNS Cache
An outdated Domain Name System (DNS) cache on your computer causes connectivity issues with websites. In Windows, running the ipconfig /flushdns command via an elevated Command Prompt console helps you clear your computer’s local DNS cache.
The Terminal equivalent to clearing the DNS cache on Mac is as follows:
sudo dscacheutil -flushcache;sudo killall -HUP mDNSResponder
You must enter an administrator password to authorize the command.5. View All Running Processes
Compared to the Windows Task Manager, typing tasklist into Command Prompt or Windows PowerShell allows for a clearer view of your PC’s background processes. It also contains information such as process IDs (PIDs) and memory usage stats for each task.
On the Mac, you can run one of the two commands below:
The top command displays a list of the most resource-intensive processes in real-time, while ps -ax shows you the complete task list on your Mac.6. End Process
The Mac’s Terminal equivalent is:7. Check Network Statistics
The netstat command in Windows lets you view a list of all active TCP connections and helps identify network-related problems.
On the Mac, running the same command yields similar results:
To view a list of flags and options specific to Terminal, type man netstat.8. Repair Disk Errors
The Check Disk command-line utility on Windows, which you can invoke by running chkdsk in Command Prompt or Windows PowerShell, allows you to check for and repair disk-related errors.
The Terminal equivalent in macOS is the fsck (file system consistency check) command. Start by booting up your Mac in single-user mode—press Command + S at startup. Then, run the following:
/sbin/fsck -fy9. Create Symbolic Link
Symbolic links (symlinks) are crucial if you find it impossible to change locations that apps and programs use to store files.
For example, you can use a symlink to sync any folder to a cloud storage service by making it appear as if it’s inside the default sync directory. On Windows, you use the mklink /J command.
On macOS, the Terminal equivalent is:
To learn more, check out how symlinks work on the Mac.10. Schedule Shut Down
On the Mac, use the following command instead:
You can always use the sudo killall shutdown command to cancel a scheduled shutdown.11. Compare File Differences
On Windows, you can compare the difference between two files using the fc command.
The Mac’s Terminal equivalent is:
The diff command comes with multiple options. For example, you can use the -i switch to make it ignore case differences in text files. Run man diff to view a complete list of options.12. Find Wi-Fi Password
On the Mac, you must run the following command in Terminal:13. Update Mac
In Windows, you can install operating system updates via Windows PowerShell with the Get-WindowsUpdate and Install-WindowsUpdate commands. It’s faster and less sluggish compared to using the GUI.
The Terminal equivalents to update macOS are:14. Renew IP Lease
Releasing and renewing the IP (Internet Protocol) lease can fix connectivity-related issues on your computer. That involves running the ipconfig /release and ipconfig /renew commands via Command Prompt in Windows.
If you don’t know the network interface name, use the ifconfig command to identify it—e.g. en0.15. Check Uptime
You can check your PC’s uptime with the (get-date) – (gcim Win32_OperatingSystem).LastBootUpTime Windows PowerShell command.
On the Terminal in macOS, run the following command instead:
The uptime command helps you determine if it’s time to shut down or restart your Mac. That often helps resolve random technical glitches preventing macOS from working correctly.Switching to Terminal
Luckily, PayPal is not the only service in town. There are several alternatives, some of which are on-par with or even better than PayPal.
One of these services is Skrill, formerly known as Moneybookers. It has been in operation since 2002 and is now widely available in all continents. Last year the company acquired paysafecard, a widely-used online payment method.Registration and Availability
Skrill is used by 36 million customers and 156,000 merchants. It is available in about 200 countries (almost all countries in the world, except Afghanistan, North Korea, Nigeria, Cuba, Myanmar, Sudan and Iran), which is more than the PayPal network’s availability. Skrill supports 40 currencies while also offering local payments for businesses with more than 100 at the moment. Given the small amount of merchants using its services, Skrill is more focused on the transactions between users. Some of the most popular merchants accepting Skrill are eBay, oDesk, Skype, bet365, instaforex and WilliamHill.
The registration is entirely free. The website was recently redesigned as part of the transition from Moneybookers to Skrill, and the new interface is very user-friendly with several tutorials explaining all the steps being provided. Skrill also provides something called the VIP Club, offering special benefits to users subscribing to it.Deposit, Withdrawal and Limits
For both deposits and withdrawals the usual methods are available – such as bank-related mechanisms (bank transfer and similar) and all the major payment schemes including Visa, MasterCard, American Express, Discover and JCB.
Right after you open your account it will be considered “unverified,” meaning you will need to provide additional information. In that state your account will be more limited: 2500€ for overall transactions and 1000€ for a single one. In terms of credit card usage, deposits are limited to 1000€ and withdrawals to 150€ (those values vary according to each currency).Fees
Regardless of the currency you use, Skrill always charges you one percent of the money you send until a determined cap – for example, in US dollars, the cap is $10. Receiving money, on the other hand, is absolutely free of charge (in PayPal it works the other way around).
In terms of depositing and withdrawing money from your Skrill account, it varies according to the method and the currency. Depositing through your bank is free but withdrawing is not. Fees related to the use of credit cards are dependent on the country and the currency. Check the Skrill fees page for more details.Skrill 1-Tap
This innovative service aims to make online payments easier. It is optimized for smartphones, tablets and desktops and allows merchants to be paid in a simple way: When purchasing for the first time, users input their payment details and the process goes as usual. However, future purchases use those details in order to provide the simplest purchase possible. This may not sound secure, but Skrill operations are heavily protected with several encryption and security protocols.Conclusion
Skrill is not as big as PayPal, but in terms of the reliability of the service, it is not far behind its competitor. The move from Moneybookers to Skrill and the recent inclusion of paysafecard were huge steps for this brand, giving it a steady place in the market. It is by far the best PayPal alternative, and it deserves the attention of everyone looking for a way out of PayPal.
Diogo (@diogocostaweb) is a Biologist with a grip on computers and technology. Running Windows systems all his life, has a big interest in discovering new apps that increase productivity or simply make things more interesting. He lives in Portugal and has photography and music as main hobbies. He is also the author of the page chúng tôi a page for short (but useful) computer tweaks and tutorials.
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Of all the file formats out there, PDFs are one of the most versatile as far as viewing and sharing formatted documents is concerned, plus with editable PDFs, they’ve only become more useful. Whether it’s a form, a draft document, or even resumes and CVs, PDFs are the most widely used formats. So, as important as it is to have a PDF viewer handy on your Mac or PC, having a PDF editor can be just as important. That’s where software like the Icecream PDF Editor (download) come into play. If you’re looking for a great free PDF editor, here’s our review of the Icecream PDF editor.Key Features
As far as PDF editing apps go, Icecream PDF Editor is one of the more feature-rich apps I’ve used. It comes with a bunch of handy tools and options that’ll let you edit and manipulate PDFs with ease. Let me break down some of the most exciting features of the Icecream PDF Editor.
There’s a ‘Select’ tool that will let you select any element of the PDF file and easily make edits to it. If it’s text, you’ll be able to change the text itself or add more text to it, edit the font, change the color, the font size, alignment, and more. If it’s a text-box, you’ll be able to adjust the stroke size for the text field, change its color, adjust opacity, etc. You can edit the attributes for almost anything with the select tool. There’s also a text tool that will let you add a text box to the PDF and add any text to it, along with options to adjust the color, font, and more.
Then there are tools to add shapes to the PDF including rectangles, circles, lines, and arrows. These too have a bunch of options including things like the ability to adjust the outline color, the fill color, and a lot more. It’s really quite great.
While editing a PDF is definitely great, if you’re simply looking to make some annotations to a PDF file to point out certain areas of interest, or add things like sticky notes to the PDF, the Icecream PDF Editor has got you covered there as well.
There are also highlighting tools here, including an area highlight tool that will let you draw a selection around the area you want to highlight and highlight it when you’re done. You’ll also be able to choose the color for the highlight if you want.
Other than that, there are tools to underline text, make a strikethrough, and even add a wobbly underline — something I’ll be using to mark proof-reading errors in documents. Plus there are shapes like circles, rectangles, lines, and more that you can use to annotate a PDF.
There’s also a stamp tool here that has a bunch of preset stamp options that you can simply place on the PDF. It’s like a digital stamp saying something like ‘Accepted,’ ‘Withdraw,’ ‘Finished,’ and more. You can also use custom stamps if you want, by the way, but for the most part, these should suffice.
Adding and Moving PagesUser Experience
Features are good and all, but without a decent user experience, even a powerful and useful app becomes an annoyance to deal with. The Icecream PDF Editor, however, has a pretty great design and it results in very simple and intuitive user experience.
Things are very streamlined here, and everything is either properly labelled, or has icons that are self-explanatory to the extent that you’ll never be left wondering what a particular tool does, or where to find a particular tool that you’re looking for.
On the left you get all the editing and annotation tools that you might need, along with a handy toolbar that pops up when you’re using a tool, allowing you to make adjustments to things like colors, fonts, and more. On the center, there’s the PDF viewer itself, and it also has tab functionality so you can open up multiple PDF files in the same instance of the app. That’s great too.Pricing and Availability
The only issue that I personally have with the Icecream PDF Editor is that it’s not available for macOS. The software is only available on Windows 7,8, and 10, and that’s it. So yeah, if you’re a Mac user, you’ll have to look elsewhere for your PDF editing needs. For Windows users, however, Icecream PDF Editor is pretty much the best PDF editing software.Pros and Cons
While the Icecream PDF Editor is an awesome PDF editing app for Windows, it does have some pros and cons.
User friendly interface
Only available on Windows
No functionality to export PDFs to other formatsIcecream PDF Editor: An Awesome PDF Editor for Windows
Download Icecream PDF Editor for Windows (Free)
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