Trending February 2024 # An Influencer’s Guide To Facebook Messenger Marketing # Suggested March 2024 # Top 5 Popular

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Match a personality and message to an audience, and you’ve got an influencer who can sway purchase power and societal tastes.

Oh, and don’t forget, make a mint.

But Facebook, Instagram and Twitter have been around long enough that they’re saturated and nearly impossible for building an influencer brand today.

The next platform with the potential to build a brand from thin air is Facebook Messenger.

Millions worldwide use Facebook Messenger to communicate daily — and those users are incredibly receptive to chat-based marketing.

Why Messenger Is the Place to Be for Online Influencers

Facebook Messenger is more than another place to talk to your friends.

It’s also a diverse marketing tool that can be used to grow a business or brand online.

If you’re an influencer or brand, there’s a trick to fast-tracking your influence:

Establishing your value on a platform before everyone else gets there.

Messenger is that platform.

It’s used by billions of people daily yet very few companies and influencers are using it any scalable way.

Gary Vaynerchuk is an early adopter demonstrating the value of Messenger as a content delivery tool that’s highly personalized with the ability to cut through the noise of social media. Take a look:

On social media, interactions aren’t unique or all that personalized.

With Facebook Messenger chat-based marketing, you can have individual conversations that connect on a personal level.

On Messenger, each message you send is delivered directly into one person’s inbox and isn’t a passing note in a rolling feed where you can never tell who saw it.

To use Messenger to grow your brand’s influence, here is the influencer’s guide to Facebook Messenger Marketing with actionable tips for making the most of your connection to your audience.

It covers how to get new followers and better connect with your audience using Facebook Messenger like Vaynerchuk and the biggest influencers.

The tactics here are executed with the tools from my company, MobileMonkey, a Facebook Messenger marketing platform.

1. Grow Your Messenger Contact List with Facebook Post Autoresponders

Here is how it works:

2. Get More Followers with Your Website Chat

Did you know you can use your website as a Messenger contact growth tool?

Add Messenger website chat to your website and anyone who contacts you here will become a Messenger contact.

You have likely seen chat boxes appear on most modern websites in your space. Ones that allow you to connect with an influencer and their business or find content on their site.

Better than live operator website chat is Messenger chat with a chatbot at the helm.

People get instant responses, you can take over for the bot at any time, and the chat history is persistent rather than disappearing like live website chat.

You can quickly install a Messenger widget on your website to answer FAQs, whether from the media, someone looking to book you for an event, or a fan.

Having chat on your website can feel overwhelming, but if you’re using chatbots, you don’t have to personally respond to messages all day and can still build your contact list for chat blasting.

3. Send Updates to Followers in Messenger & See 8X Better Open Rates Than Other Channels

Chat blasting is one of the best new ways to engage customers with your content and promotions.

So what exactly is chat blasting? It’s sending a mass message to your Messenger contacts, similar to an email blast campaign.

When you have a new blog post or special offer, chat blast it to your Messenger contacts to the tune of 80 percent open rate. Watch your traffic skyrocket.

Did you just release a new product or start a partnership with a new sponsor, for example? Chat blast a link to your contacts.

You can use it for any content type or reason.

Maybe you want to personally ask a question to your audience. Perhaps you want to promote new sponsors.

Anything works with chat blasting, and it’s 10x as effective as email blasts.

One key strategy that influencers have been using is releasing exclusive content on their chat blasts.

This strategy helps to bring users from other platforms into Messenger contacts as they can’t access the content on any other social channel.

Reserve chat blasts for your most popular and exclusive content to give users an incentive to follow you.

4. Use Messenger’s Secret Weapon for Automated Drip Campaigns to Stay in Touch on Autopilot

Influencer marketing relies on one main thing: Getting your audience to continually engage with you.

If you can reach your following once, that’s awesome. But it’s even better if you can do that on a consistent basis.

Sponsors want to work with influencers that have an active following. One-off viral stunts aren’t sustainable. Audiences who love you and your content are.

Your audience is your lifeblood, and without it, you aren’t really an influencer.

Just like you would with an email newsletter, you can use a chatbot to schedule drip campaigns on anything you want.

Use drip campaigns to offer evergreen content that is high-value. For instance, hacks or blog content that your influencer network generally engages with on other platforms.

You can send very personalized messages to get people’s attention:

Ask them questions about their goals and how you can be of assistance.

Gauge their interest and use that moving forward to determine what content they see next.

With a chatbot, you can automate this entire process!

And you can use your blog as an RSS feed bot to deliver content regularly, like a newsletter.

5. Get More Sign-ups with Forms in Messenger

When you have events or promotions, collecting sign-ups and contact information is always a key step in building your influencer network.

More emails and more contacts mean more opportunities to sell or convert or build brand awareness.

But web forms can have disappointing conversion rates. People can abandon a page and leave no trace.

Messenger is a great alternative to web forms when collecting information because it collects user info in a natural-style conversation.

It’s really easy to build Facebook Messenger forms, too.

Bottom Line: Facebook Messenger Marketing Is a Golden Opportunity to Get Ahead of Your Competition

Facebook Messenger is a prime candidate for influencer marketing and brands who can move fast to adopt first.

There are unmatched engagement rates in Facebook Messenger.

And with virtually no competition Messenger a great space to grow your voice in the increasingly noisy space of social media.

Grow your network and influence with Facebook Messenger as your marketing platform.

More Facebook Marketing Resources:

Image Credits

All screenshots taken by author, October 2023

You're reading An Influencer’s Guide To Facebook Messenger Marketing

How To Send A Dropbox File In Facebook Messenger

Facebook Messenger has a new feature you are going to love because it’s going to make your file sharing needs a whole lot easier. Messenger users will now be able to send Dropbox files in their Messenger conversations. This is going to help those users who may have a co-worker on Messenger who they need to share a file with.

Sharing a Dropbox file on Messenger is as easy as going to the More button in a conversation. The Dropbox option will be the last one down.

To set this feature up correctly, you will need to grant Facebook Messenger permission to access your Dropbox account, but once you do that, you will never have to worry about that again.

If you send pictures and videos, those types of files are going to appear instantly in your conversation, but if you change your mind, Messenger gives you the option to cancel the file you selected.

All other types of files are only going to appear as links to Dropbox. Please keep in mind that if you are sharing a large file, you will need to wait for the file to finish downloading in Dropbox. Once it’s done, you will see the “Send” or “Cancel” option.

Make sure you also have the Dropbox app installed on either your iOS device or Android for this to work correctly and that both apps are up to date as well.

It would have been much better if more cloud services such as Box or SugarSync were added and not just Dropbox, but hopefully it will only be a matter of time before more options will be added.

As you can see, adding a Dropbox file to your Messenger conversations is very easy. Don’t forget that you can also enjoy another new feature on Android’s Messenger of having the option of switching to a persistent Chat Head interface instead of a full screen. Unfortunately, iOS users are going to have to stay within the Messenger app.

But what if you don’t want your Dropbox account linked to your Facebook account? We all have a right to change our minds, don’t we? Keep reading and find out how you can add your Facebook or Twitter account to your Dropbox account.

How to Add Your Facebook Account to Your Dropbox Account

If what you want to add to your Dropbox account is your Facebook account and not the Messenger account, that’s also easy to set up. To connect or disconnect a third-party service, you only need to complete the following steps.

1. Access your Dropbox account and select your name in the top-right corner.

2. Go to Settings and select Account or Personal (only if you have paired both personal and work Dropbox accounts).

3. If what you want to do is to connect a service, tap on the name of the desired service.

4. If you wish to remove a service, select disconnect.

Conclusion

Judy Sanhz

Judy Sanhz is a tech addict that always needs to have a device in her hands. She loves reading about Android, Softwares, Web Apps and anything tech chúng tôi hopes to take over the world one day by simply using her Android smartphone!

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How To Prepare For 5 Changes Coming To Facebook Messenger

At the beginning of May, Facebook held its yearly F8 conference. This conference is where Facebook discusses the overall future of the platform and unveils its upcoming developments and features to developers, entrepreneurs, and other professionals.

This year, Facebook announced a number of improvements to its Messenger service, as well as new, marketing-focused features.

These changes and additions to the messaging platform are important to examine, particularly with regards to how they’ll impact our existing marketing efforts.

Let’s see what’s coming to Facebook Messenger and how we can begin preparing and strategizing for these changes.

1. Messenger Desktop App

This is perhaps the least important update, but still worth mentioning. Facebook is creating a desktop app for Messenger.

The reason I don’t find this change that life-changing for businesses is because you can already use Messenger on a desktop device. Simply log into Facebook and head over to your messages.

However, Facebook did mention that one of the primary functions and goals behind this desktop version of Messenger would be as a collaboration tool.

The desktop Messenger empowers teams to “have video calls, collaborate on projects or multitask while chatting.”

We could begin seeing Messenger used more with teams to share ideas and have weekly meetings.

2. Lighter, Faster, Leaner

Facebook is redesigning its Messenger app to be faster and less strenuous on device storage. They’ve labeled the project “LightSpeed,” and the goal is a Messenger app that launches in under 2 seconds and requires only 30MB to install.

To achieve this, they’ve “rebuilt from the ground up on an entirely new code base,” which means we’ll have a Messenger app that is just more optimized for today’s need for fast loading and immediacy.

While this may not have a direct effect on marketing, we could see more people using Messenger with this lighter, faster app. Not only because the speed will be more aligned with what is expected today, especially in the mobile environment, but also because it is 70MB smaller than the old Messenger.

This makes it easier for people with low storage on their devices to find space to house the app. And gives even more reason for businesses to take a look into Messenger bots and funnels.

3. Close Friends Groups

One future feature that could be troubling to businesses is close friends groups.

It’s unclear what the official name for this feature will be, but the focus is to help Facebook users have a “dedicated space” to connect and share content with their closest friends and family.

Facebook wants its users to be able to share content with close friends and without the fear that others will see, or that it could be held against them in the future.

Based on early screenshots, it appears that users can create multiple groups. This is another distinction from the “Close Friends” feature of yesterday, where users had only a single list.

In this sense, these groups feel like a much more enhanced group chat with a heavier focus on content, over plain text communication.

It wasn’t made clear if businesses can be included in these groups, or even create their own. I really hope so, especially the latter, because this has a lot of potential as a powerful marketing channel. It would allow a business to communicate with a direct group of specific customers or audience segment.

Another way I see this being really impactful is for businesses with multiple store locations or branches. Groups could be created for each location to allow these individual branches to communicate and share content directly to their local customers.

While this is doable, with location-specific Facebook pages, it would be a much more seamless experience with this group feature. Plus, we wouldn’t have to battle with the lack of organic posts displaying in News Feeds.

Alternatively, B2B marketers could use these groups as a convenient, dedicated space when communicating with all interested parties at a prospective client’s company.

4. Better Group Video Viewing

Communal video watching is a growing trend. The evidence is in the success of streaming platforms like Twitch, with 15 million daily active users, and YouTube’s thriving community.

People have a desire to watch movies and engage with the content creator and other viewers. Facebook also has its eyes on enhancing their users’ ability to engage with video content together.

We’ve first seen this manifest itself on Facebook through live streaming.

For Facebook, the logical next step for Watch Party and communal video watching is Messenger. According to Facebook, users will, “be able to seamlessly share a video from the Facebook app on Messenger and invite others to watch together while messaging or on a video chat.”

This will be a really powerful tool, especially combined with the Messenger desktop app. One of the main functions for Messenger on desktop will be group video calls.

The added benefit of being able to collectively watch videos together will be great for internal business decision making, but also marketing.

As of now, you can add six people to a messenger group video chat, but up to an additional 50 people can tune into the chat. While they won’t be able to talk, they’ll be able to absorb the video content with the group and see the conversations taking place.

Essentially, we’ll be able to live stream our desktop or a piece of video content to an intimate audience and share additional insights via chat.

This could be a new type of webinar platform, one consumers would be more comfortable logging into.

5. Messenger Lead Ads Templates & Appointment Booking

I’ve saved the best for last. This update has the most immediate marketing potential for businesses.

Here is Facebook’s breakdown of this development:

“We’re making it even easier for businesses to connect with potential customers by adding lead generation templates to Ads Manager. There, businesses can easily create an ad which drives people to a simple Q&A in Messenger to learn more about their customers. And to make it easier to book an appointment with businesses like car dealerships, stylists, or cleaning services, we’ve created an appointment experience so people can book appointments within a Messenger conversation.”

The process is largely automated and Facebook has added more templates and responses to help give the illusion of a real customer service agent.

That said, this feature is not actually a chatbot. So, there could be some issues with open-ended responses or longer user inputs. In these cases, the lead can be passed on to a live, human agent.

The ability to seamlessly move customers from their Facebook feed, to a Messenger chat and book them an appointment really delivers on the omnichannel experience that consumers are increasingly expecting from their favorite brands and businesses.

Facebook is slowly rolling out the appointment booking features to different business types. Stay tuned for your opportunity!

Conclusions on the New Facebook Messenger Features

Facebook is putting a lot of focus on privacy here and enhancing connections between “closest friends” versus the entire cyber web.

On the surface, this may feel troubling to businesses and create a sense that they are going to be left out of the most important activities that Facebook and Messenger users are taking part in.

In reality, these features open up new marketing doors and even present some fresh channels with huge potential impact.

More Resources:

Image Credits

Screenshot taken by author, June 2023

How To Change The Facebook Messenger Notification Sound And Ringtone.

If you are sick and tired of hearing the same Facebook Messenger notification sound you’ve heard for the last few years. This article will show you how to change the sound of notifications and ringtones on Facebook Messenger. (Sadly this is currently only available for Android devices.)

How to Delete Old Facebook Posts in Bulk. (Select All Delete Posts From Facebook)

Facebook Messenger has traditionally only ever had one default message notification tone. As a result, the sound of the iconic Facebook Messenger ‘ding’ has a tendency to cause mild chaos in public places when everyone rushes to check their devices for a new message. If you haven’t witnessed it before, it can be quite hilarious to see.

Although the ability to change the Facebook Messenger notification tone has been around for a little while, most people still aren’t aware that it can be changed. So follow along as this article guides you through the process step by step. Sadly, if you’re an iOS user, you won’t yet have the ability to change your Facebook Messenger notification tone.

Related: How to Unsend (delete) Messages in Facebook Messenger.

How Do You Change the Facebook Messenger Notification Tone?

As we mentioned above, you’ll only be able to change your Facebook Messenger Notification sound on Android devices, so if you have an iOS device, you’re out of luck for now. To begin, open Messenger, then tap on your Profile icon (next to chats) in the top left-hand corner of the screen. Next, scroll down and tap on Notifications and Sounds. Inside this menu, you’ll see a few different options. If you wish to change the sound of Facebook Messenger notifications, tap Notification Sound. If you wish to change the sound of Facebook Messenger calls, tap Free Call Ringtone.

Once you tap either of the two options, you’ll see a list of tones/sounds you can select as your new default. If you have added any custom sounds to your device, you’ll also see those listed here.

After you have made the chance, you can simply back out of the menu and start using Messenger normally. However, if you notice that the sound has changed down the track, it is likely because of Facebook ab testing new message tones on their service. You may have already noticed this in the past, usually just after Messenger updates.

On a side note, if you are a big social media user, you’ll find the following article exceptionally useful as it details one of the best services that allows you to automatically resize images for a range of different social media platforms. Including Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat, Pinterest, YouTube, and Linkedin.

How to Automate Image Resizing For Social Media Services. Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat, Pinterest, Linkedin, etc.

How To Delete Facebook: A Definitive Guide

Facebook has been embroiled in a ton of controversy in the past year, but the recently disclosed security lapse, which could have compromised the data of up to 50 million users, has once again turned on the spotlight on whether Facebook cares enough about privacy.

If Facebook’s latest security lapse has sent you into a panic, and you are planning to permanently delete your account then you’ve come to the right place. Here’s how you can delete your Facebook account and get rid of all your Facebook data. So, buckle up and get ready to leave behind your Facebook days.

Steps Before Account Deletion

Back up and Download Data

Disconnect Third-party Apps

The next most important step is to disconnect third-party apps for which you used Facebook to sign up. This plays right into the 50 million user account hack as reports suggest that third-party apps may also be compromised, so it’s safe to disconnect them and update their login credentials.

Steps to Delete Facebook:

Now that you’ve completed the pre-deletion process, you can follow the steps below to completely delete Facebook.

Steps to Delete Account on the Web

2. Under Settings, select the ‘Your Facebook Information’ option from the menu on the left.

3. Here you will find the ‘Delete your account and information’ option.

5. Once you tap on the ‘Delete Account’ button, Facebook will ask for your password and remind you that you’re going to permanently delete it. Just tap on the ‘Delete Account’ button with the exclamation mark to complete the process. Congrats, you have now deleted your account!

6. Finally, we would also recommend you to clear the browser cache and history so any and all web-apps logged in using your Facebook account will be automatically logged out.

Steps to Delete Account on Mobile

Note: We tried out this deletion process in the Facebook app, version 191.0.0.33.96, on our Nokia 7 plus, running Android 9 Pie.

1. In the Facebook app, open the ‘Settings & Privacy’ menu and select ‘Settings’ after tapping the ‘three lines’ icon at the very right.

2. Now scroll down and tap the ‘Account ownership and Control’ option under the ‘Your Facebook Information’ section in the Settings.

3. Here, tap on the ‘Deactivation and Deletion’ option and select the ‘Delete Account’ option.

4. You’ll now see the ‘Permanently Delete Account’ page that we have already seen above, so follow the steps listed above to get rid of Facebook forever.

Facebook’s support page says that you can cancel your request to delete the account within 14 days, after which “your account and all your information will be permanently deleted, and you won’t be able to retrieve your information.” It means you’ll need to be patient and try to stay away from social media for a couple weeks.

Further, Facebook claims that it takes up to 90 days for all the information in your profile to be deleted from the company’s servers. This, however, will not include data such as the messages you’ve sent someone else (that they see on Messenger) and other such residual data regarding your interactions with others. Here’s to a happier life without Facebook!

An Intuitive And Easy Guide To Python Sets

This article was published as a part of the Data Science Blogathon

Introduction

In today’s world, in each and every domain, the utmost thing is Data Storage. While working with Python, which provides different types of data structures to organize your data. So, learning these data structures becomes an essential part of your journey to learn Python either from a Software Engineering perspective or from a Data Science perspective. In Python, among all of the data structures available, some are mutable and some are immutable. But In this article, our main focus will be on the sets.

                                                        Image Source: Link

Now, a question comes to mind that 🙁 “When we use Sets in Python?” So, sets are used in Python when:

The order of data does not matter.

We do not want any repetitions in the data elements.

We have to perform mathematical operations such as union, intersection, etc.

So, without any further delay, Let’s get started, 😎

Table of Contents

1. Introduction: What is a Python Set?

2. How do you create a set in Python?

3. Basic Functionalities on Python sets

Finding the length of a set

Accessing the elements of a set

Adding the elements to an existing set

Removing elements from a set or completely delete a set

4. Mathematical Operations on Python sets

Union of sets

Intersection of sets

Difference of sets

Symmetric Difference of sets

5. Alternative Container: Frozen Set

Create a Frozen Set in Python

Accessing the elements of a Frozen set

 

What is a Python set?

Sets are written with curly brackets ({}), being the elements separated by commas.

How do you create a set in Python?

We can create the sets in Python using either of the following two ways:

Enclosing elements within curly braces ({})

By using the set() function

Using curly braces

Sets in Python can be created with the help of curly braces({}).

For Example-

Python Code:



Output:

{'Data Scientist', 'Data Engineer', 'Data Analyst', 'Analytics Vidhya'} Using set() function

Sets in Python can also be created using the built-in function set([iterable]). This function takes an iterable (i.e. any type of sequence, collection, or iterator), as an argument and returns a set that contains unique items from the input i.e, duplicated values are removed.

For Example-

# Create a set using set() function my_set = set(['Analytics Vidhya', 'Data Scientist', 'Data Analyst', 'Data Engineer']) print(my_set) # Check the Data Type of my_set print(type(my_set))

Output:

{'Data Scientist', 'Data Engineer', 'Data Analyst', 'Analytics Vidhya'} Creating an Empty Python Set

We can also create an empty set using the set() function.

For Example- # Creating an empty set using set() function empty_set = set() print(empty_set)

Output:

set() Basic Functionalities on Sets in Python

We can perform a number of operations such as adding elements, deleting elements, finding the length of a set, etc. To know what all methods can be used on sets, we can use the dir() function. Let’s see this on a given set.

# Check all functionalities which we can perform on a Python Set my_set = {'Analytics Vidhya', 'Data Scientist', 'Data Analyst', 'Data Engineer'} print(list(dir(my_set)))

Output:

1. Finding the Length of a Python Set

To find the length of a set in Python, we use the len() function. This function takes the name of the set as a parameter and returns an integer value that is equal to the number of elements present in the set.

For Example- # Finding the length of a set my_set = {'Analytics Vidhya', 'Data Scientist', 'Data Analyst', 'Data Engineer'} print("The length of a given set is", len(my_set))

Output:

The length of a given set is 4 2. Accessing the Elements of a Set

We cannot access the set elements using the index numbers as we specified before that the elements of a set are not indexed. Therefore, if we want to access the elements of a set, then we can use a for loop and access its elements.

For Example- # Printing all the elements of a set using For loop my_set = {'Analytics Vidhya', 'Data Scientist', 'Data Analyst', 'Data Engineer'} for element in my_set: print(element)

Output:

Data Scientist Data Engineer Data Analyst Analytics Vidhya 3. Adding the elements to an existing Set

We can add the new elements to a set using either of the two functions,

Adding a single element – add() function

Adding more than one elements – update() function

For Example- # Adding a single element 'Business Analyst' to an existing set my_set = {'Analytics Vidhya', 'Data Scientist', 'Data Analyst', 'Data Engineer'} my_set.add('Business Analyst') print(my_set)

Output:

{'Data Engineer', 'Data Analyst', 'Business Analyst', 'Data Scientist', 'Analytics Vidhya'} For Example- # Adding more than one elements 'Business Analyst' and 'Data Mastermind' to an existing set my_set = {'Analytics Vidhya', 'Data Scientist', 'Data Analyst', 'Data Engineer'} my_set.update(['Business Analyst', 'Data Mastermind']) print(my_set)

Output:

{'Data Mastermind', 'Data Engineer', 'Data Analyst', 'Business Analyst', 'Data Scientist', 'Analytics Vidhya'} 4. Removing an element from a Set or completely delete a set

We can use the following ways to either removing elements from a set or deleting a complete set:

Using the set.remove(x) method

Using the set.discard(x) method

Using the set.pop() method

Using the set.clear() method

Using the del Keyword

The remove function

The set.remove(x) method takes one parameter x and removes that element x from a set. If the given element to this function does not exist, then raises an exception (KeyError).

In the below example, you can see that ‘Analytics Vidhya’ has been removed from the set using the remove() function. But when we specify ‘Business Analyst’ i.e, some element as a parameter to remove() that does not exist in the set, it will throw an error.

For Example- # Remove the element using remove() function my_set = {'Analytics Vidhya', 'Data Scientist', 'Data Analyst', 'Data Engineer'} my_set.remove('Analytics Vidhya') print(my_set) my_set.remove('Business Analyst') print(my_set)

Output:

The discard function

The set.discard(x) method takes one parameter x and removes that element x from a set if it is present. Now, if we want to remove some element from the set, and we are not sure whether that element is actually present in the set or not, then we can use this function. In comparison to the remove method, the discard method does not raise an exception (KeyError) if the element to be removed does not exist.

For Example- # Remove the element using discard() function my_set = {'Analytics Vidhya', 'Data Scientist', 'Data Analyst', 'Data Engineer'} my_set.discard('Analytics Vidhya') print(my_set) my_set.discard('Business Analyst') print(my_set)

Output:

{'Data Scientist', 'Data Engineer', 'Data Analyst'} {'Data Scientist', 'Data Engineer', 'Data Analyst'}

In the above example, you can see that ‘Analytics Vidhya’ has been removed from my_set but discard() has not thrown an error when I used my_set.discard(‘Business Analyst’) even though ‘Business Analyst’ is not present in my set.

The pop function

The set.pop() method also removes set elements, but since a set is unordered, we will not know which element has been removed from the set.

For Example- # Remove the element using pop() function my_set = {'Analytics Vidhya', 'Data Scientist', 'Data Analyst', 'Data Engineer'} my_set.pop() print(my_set)

Output:

{'Data Engineer', 'Data Analyst', 'Analytics Vidhya'} The clear function For Example- # Remove all the element using clear() function my_set = {'Analytics Vidhya', 'Data Scientist', 'Data Analyst', 'Data Engineer'} my_set.clear() print(my_set)

Output:

set()

In the above example, we can see that after the clear() operation, my_set becomes an empty set.

The del Keyword

When we want to completely delete the set, we can use the del keyword to do so.

For Example- # Delete the complete set my_set = {'Analytics Vidhya', 'Data Scientist', 'Data Analyst', 'Data Engineer'} del my_set print(my_set)

Output:

In the above example, we can see that after running the code, it will throw an error because my_set is deleted after performing the operation.

Mathematical operations on Python Sets

We can use sets in Python to compute mathematical operations such as,

Union,

Intersection,

Difference, and

Symmetric difference

These logical operations can be represented with a diagram, which is known as the Venn diagram. Venn diagrams are widely used in Mathematics, Statistics, and Computer science to visualize the differences and similarities between the sets.

Image Showing all the Mathematical Operations which we can perform on Sets

                                                          Image Source: Link

1. Union of Sets

The union of two sets A and B is defined as the set containing the elements that are in A, B, or both, and is denoted by A ∪ B.

Figure Showing the Union of Two Sets

                                              Image Source: Link

To compute this operation with Python, we can use either of the following two ways:

Using set.union() method

For Example-

my_set_1 = {1, ‘Analytics Vidhya’, 3.45} my_set_2 = {‘1’, 3.45, ‘Analytics Vidhya’, 1}

Output:

The union of two sets is given by {1, 'Analytics Vidhya', 3.45, '1'} Using set.union() method For Example- # Union of two sets using set.union() method my_set_1 = {1, 'Analytics Vidhya', 3.45} my_set_2 = {'1', 3.45, 'Analytics Vidhya', 1} print(" The union of two sets is given byn", my_set_1.union(my_set_2))

Output:

The union of two sets is given by {1, 3.45, 'Analytics Vidhya', '1'} 2. Intersection of Sets

The intersection of two sets A and B is defined as the set that consists of the elements that are common to both sets and is denoted by A ∩ B.

Figure Showing the Intersection of Two Sets

                                                   Image Source: Link

In Python, we can compute the intersection of two sets using either of the following two ways: 

Using the ‘&’ operator

Using set.intersection() method

Using the ‘&’ operator

We can determine the intersection of two or more sets using the ‘&’ operator.

For Example- # Intersection of two sets using '&' operator my_set_1 = {1, 'Analytics Vidhya', 3.45} my_set_2 = {'1', 3.45, 'Analytics Vidhya', 1} print(" The intersection of two sets is given byn", my_set_1 & my_set_2)

Output:

The intersection of two sets is given by {1, 3.45, 'Analytics Vidhya'} Using set.intersection() method

We can also determine the intersection of two or more sets using the intersection() function.

For Example- # Intersection of two sets using set.intersection() method my_set_1 = {1, 'Analytics Vidhya', 3.45} my_set_2 = {'1', 3.45, 'Analytics Vidhya', 1} print(" The intersection of two sets is given byn", my_set_1.intersection(my_set_2))

Output:

The intersection of two sets is given by {1, 3.45, 'Analytics Vidhya'} 3. Difference of Sets

When we take the difference between two sets, then it produces a new set that consists of elements that are present only in one of those sets. This means that all elements except the common elements of those sets will be returned.

In simple and short terms, we can say that the difference between two sets A and B is defined as the set of all elements of set A that are not contained in set B and is denoted by A-B.

Figure Showing the Difference Between the Two Sets

                                                Image Source: Link

To compute the difference between two sets in Python, we can use either of the following two ways:

Using the ‘-‘ operator

Using set.difference() method

Using the ‘-‘ operator

To find the difference between the two sets, we can use the ‘-’ operator.

For Example- # Difference of two sets using '-' operator my_set_1 = {1, 'Analytics Vidhya', 3.45} my_set_2 = {'1', 3.45, 'Analytics Vidhya', 1} print(" The difference of set 1 from set 2 is given byn", my_set_1 - my_set_2) print(" The difference of set 2 from set 1 is given byn", my_set_2 - my_set_1)

Output:

The difference of set 1 from set 2 is given by set() The difference of set 2 from set 1 is given by {'1'} Using set.difference() method

The difference of sets can be determined using the built-in difference() function also.

For Example- # Difference of two sets using set.difference() method my_set_1 = {1, 'Analytics Vidhya', 3.45} my_set_2 = {'1', 3.45, 'Analytics Vidhya', 1} print(" The difference of set 1 from set 2 is given byn", my_set_1.difference(my_set_2)) print(" The difference of set 2 from set 1 is given byn", my_set_2.difference(my_set_1))

Output:

The difference of set 1 from set 2 is given by set() The difference of set 2 from set 1 is given by {'1'} 4. Symmetric difference of Sets

The symmetric difference of two sets A and B is defined as the set of elements that are in either of the sets A and B, but not in both, and is denoted by A △ B.

Figure Showing the Symmetric Difference Between Two Sets

                                                       Image Source: Link

In Python, we can find the symmetric difference of two sets using either of the following two ways:

Using the ‘^’ operator

Using set.symmetric_difference() method

Using the ‘^‘ operator

To find the symmetric difference between two sets, we can use the ‘^’ operator.

For Example- # Symmetric Difference of two sets using '^' operator my_set_1 = {1, 'Analytics Vidhya', 3.45} my_set_2 = {'1', 3.45, 'Analytics Vidhya', 1} print(" The symmetric difference of two sets is given byn", my_set_1 ^ my_set_2) print(" The symmetric difference of two sets is given byn", my_set_2 ^ my_set_1)

Output:

The symmetric difference of two sets is given by {'1'} The symmetric difference of two sets is given by {'1'} Using set.symmetric_difference() method

The difference of sets can be also determined using the built-in symmetric_ difference() function.

For Example- # Symmetric Difference of two sets using set.symmetric_difference() method my_set_1 = {1, 'Analytics Vidhya', 3.45} my_set_2 = {'1', 3.45, 'Analytics Vidhya', 1} print(" The symmetric difference of two sets is given byn", my_set_1.symmetric_difference(my_set_2)) print(" The symmetric difference of two sets is given byn", my_set_2.symmetric_difference(my_set_1))

Output:

The symmetric difference of two sets is given by {'1'} The symmetric difference of two sets is given by {'1'}

 

Alternative container: Frozenset

A frozenset object is a Python set that cannot be modified i.e, once created, cannot be changed. This means that it is immutable, unlike a normal set that I have discussed previously. One of the applications of frozen sets is to serve as a key in dictionary key-value pairs.

Since Frozen sets are immutable, therefore, you cannot perform operations such as add(), remove(), update(), etc. If you trying to add an element to a frozenset, then it raises an exception (AttributeError). (See the below Example)

For Example- simple_set = {1,'Analytics Vidhya', 4.6, 'r'} frozen_set = frozenset(simple_set) print("The frozenset corresponding to a given set is n", frozen_set) frozen_set.add('Business Analyst') print(frozen_set)

Output:

How to Create a Frozenset? For Example- simple_set = {1,'Analytics Vidhya', 4.6, 'r'} frozen_set = frozenset(simple_set) print("The frozenset corresponding to a given set is n", frozen_set)

Output:

The frozenset corresponding to a given set is frozenset({1, 'r', 4.6, 'Analytics Vidhya'})

The above output consists of the set frozen_set which is a frozen version of simple_set.

Accessing Elements of a Frozen Set

Elements of a frozen set can be accessed by using a for loop.

For Example- frozen_set =frozenset([1,'Analytics Vidhya', 4.6, 'r']) for element in frozen_set: print(element)

Output:

1 r 4.6 Analytics Vidhya

The above output shows that using the for loop, all the elements of the frozen_set have been returned one after the other.

Other Blog Posts by Me

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Previous Data Science Blog posts.

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End Notes

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