Trending December 2023 # 15 Mac Terminal Equivalents To Windows Command Prompt And Powershell Commands # Suggested January 2024 # Top 18 Popular

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In Windows, you can use the Command Prompt and Windows PowerShell consoles for greater control and faster management of the operating system. Both CLIs (command-line interpreters) also help you troubleshoot serious issues with your PC. 

The same goes for the Mac’s Terminal, but its UNIX-based nature requires that you enter a different set of commands.

Table of Contents

If you recently switched to using a Mac, you’ll learn the Terminal equivalents to 15 helpful Command Prompt and Windows PowerShell commands below.

1. View System Information

Suppose you want to identify the various hardware and software components (processor, RAM, operating system version, etc.) on your computer. In that case, you can view the information in Command Prompt or Windows PowerShell with the systeminfo command. 

In Terminal, execute the following instead:


You can also prompt Terminal to filter the information by data type. For example, you can get an overview of Mac’s hardware only by appending SPHardwareDataType to the end of the command—e.g. system_profiler SPHardwareDataType.

For a list of data types, run the system_profiler -listDataTypes command.

2. Ping Devices and Networks 3. Check Network Configurations

The Terminal equivalent opens Interface Configuration and uses the following command:


By default, ifconfig displays active networks only. To make it show all interfaces, run ifconfig -a instead.

4. Flush DNS Cache

An outdated Domain Name System (DNS) cache on your computer causes connectivity issues with websites. In Windows, running the ipconfig /flushdns command via an elevated Command Prompt console helps you clear your computer’s local DNS cache. 

The Terminal equivalent to clearing the DNS cache on Mac is as follows:

sudo dscacheutil -flushcache;sudo killall -HUP mDNSResponder

You must enter an administrator password to authorize the command.

5. View All Running Processes

Compared to the Windows Task Manager, typing tasklist into Command Prompt or Windows PowerShell allows for a clearer view of your PC’s background processes. It also contains information such as process IDs (PIDs) and memory usage stats for each task.

On the Mac, you can run one of the two commands below:


ps -ax

The top command displays a list of the most resource-intensive processes in real-time, while ps -ax shows you the complete task list on your Mac.

6. End Process

The Mac’s Terminal equivalent is:

7. Check Network Statistics

The netstat command in Windows lets you view a list of all active TCP connections and helps identify network-related problems. 

On the Mac, running the same command yields similar results:


To view a list of flags and options specific to Terminal, type man netstat.

8. Repair Disk Errors

The Check Disk command-line utility on Windows, which you can invoke by running chkdsk in Command Prompt or Windows PowerShell, allows you to check for and repair disk-related errors.

The Terminal equivalent in macOS is the fsck (file system consistency check) command. Start by booting up your Mac in single-user mode—press Command + S at startup. Then, run the following:

/sbin/fsck -fy

9. Create Symbolic Link

Symbolic links (symlinks) are crucial if you find it impossible to change locations that apps and programs use to store files. 

For example, you can use a symlink to sync any folder to a cloud storage service by making it appear as if it’s inside the default sync directory. On Windows, you use the mklink /J command. 

On macOS, the Terminal equivalent is:

To learn more, check out how symlinks work on the Mac.

10. Schedule Shut Down

On the Mac, use the following command instead:

You can always use the sudo killall shutdown command to cancel a scheduled shutdown.

11. Compare File Differences

On Windows, you can compare the difference between two files using the fc command. 

The Mac’s Terminal equivalent is:


The diff command comes with multiple options. For example, you can use the -i switch to make it ignore case differences in text files. Run man diff to view a complete list of options. 

12. Find Wi-Fi Password

On the Mac, you must run the following command in Terminal:

13. Update Mac

In Windows, you can install operating system updates via Windows PowerShell with the Get-WindowsUpdate and Install-WindowsUpdate commands. It’s faster and less sluggish compared to using the GUI.

The Terminal equivalents to update macOS are:

14. Renew IP Lease

Releasing and renewing the IP (Internet Protocol) lease can fix connectivity-related issues on your computer. That involves running the ipconfig /release and ipconfig /renew commands via Command Prompt in Windows. 

If you don’t know the network interface name, use the ifconfig command to identify it—e.g. en0. 

15. Check Uptime

You can check your PC’s uptime with the (get-date) – (gcim Win32_OperatingSystem).LastBootUpTime Windows PowerShell command.

On the Terminal in macOS, run the following command instead:


The uptime command helps you determine if it’s time to shut down or restart your Mac. That often helps resolve random technical glitches preventing macOS from working correctly.

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Console 2: A Great Windows Command Prompt Alternative

Windows command line utility, known as CMD or Command Prompt, is one of the most powerful tools that Microsoft offers to the Windows users. However, it is also one of the creepiest and not-so user friendly command line utilities you can find. You can’t even resize the command prompt window or change the fonts as per your requirements. If you have ever used a Linux or Unix command line utility (Terminal), you will know how useful it is to have a customizable command line utility.

Luckily, there are plenty of third party Windows command prompt alternatives and Console 2 is one of the best.

Console 2 – A Command Prompt Replacement

Console 2 is a free and highly recommended command prompt alternative for Windows with a whole lot of features and eye-candy. To start using it, just download Console 2 from its official website. There is installation required. Simply extract the zip file to your C drive and you are good to go.

With this change, you can start using Powershell by selecting Powershell from the “New Tab” dropdown menu. Along with Powershell, you can also integrate other shells like Cygwin, Git Bash, Visual Studio CDM, etc.., so that you will have a consistent user interface.

Another handy feature is the keyboard shortcuts. They are found under the “Hotkeys” section in Console 2 settings, and you can easily change them to your liking.

Here you will see a host of tweaks where you can change the type of font, Windows smoothing, window position, docking, custom window titles, etc.

If you want to set transparency to your command screen, you can do so by navigating to the “More” section under “Appearance.”


Console 2 delivers the same functionality as the regular Windows command prompt but does the task in a more appealing way. It adds several missing features in the Windows command prompt. If you are a regular Command Prompt user, do give Console 2 a try and see what you think.

Vamsi Krishna

Vamsi is a tech and WordPress geek who enjoys writing how-to guides and messing with his computer and software in general. When not writing for MTE, he writes for he shares tips, tricks, and lifehacks on his own blog Stugon.

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Windows 10 Setup Command Prompt Switches – Know More

The Windows 10 installation or upgrade is done using the setup executable. This chúng tôi file is found within the image file for the installation media and is used to upgrade or install a fresh copy of Windows 10 on the computer. If you wish to modify the behavior of the Windows installation, you can do so using the Windows 10 setup command prompt switches.

Here, we shall take a look at some of the Windows 10 chúng tôi command line switches, and how you can use them to modify the way Windows installs on your computer.

Note: You can find the parameters for any switch using the attribute ‘/?’ next to the command line switch

There are many command line switches that can be used to alter the way your windows installation behaves. here are some of these discussed below.

this switch is used to automate the installation process, along with a migration choice for the installation. when used, the media setup user interface and progress screens are displayed by default, but no user input is required and the installation is automatically completed. This is the command you will use for Windows 10 unattended upgrade.

The following settings will be applied:

EULA will be accepted.

Dynamic Update will be enabled.

Telemetry and Data Upload will be opted in.

OOBE will be skipped.

PBR will be created.

The supported parameters include Upgrade; DataOnly; Clean

Syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade

For Windows 10 unattended upgrade if you wish to use the answer files, you will have to use this command line switch. Note that the /auto switch parameter does not work with this switch. Answer files are XML based files that contain the configuration settings and their values, which Windows setup will use during the installation and upgrade.

Syntax: setup.exe /unattend:\servershareunattend.xml

If you wish to install the setup with an option to revert to the previous version, you can use this switch to include that control. You can toggle this switch using the Enable or Disable parameters.

Syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /uninstall disable

The quiet switch is used to hide all the user elements during the process of installing the operating system. It will also hide the rollback user interface. This is one of the methods if you wish to leave the upgrade to run in the background while you work on other things.

Syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /quiet

With this particular switch, You can direct Windows set up two alter the thread priority according to how much resources you want the setup program to use. you can use the normal and low parameters to increase or decrease the thread priority to the Windows setup.

syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /priority low

When Installing a new copy of the Windows operating system, the set up scans the system requirements to check if your device is compatible with the operating system or not. you can either ignore the compatibility issues or make the setup return an exit code for any compatibility issues as found.

The parameters to control this Switch are IgnoreWarning and ScanOnly, which performs the actions mentioned above respectively.

Syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /compat ScanOnly

If you are running low on system space, you can use this switch to store the temporary installation files on a specified partition. The switch takes the target drive letter as the parameter, allowing you to specify where you can put the temporary installation files.

Syntax: setup.exe /tempdrive E

If you are working on some important component while upgrading your computer, you can use this switch to prevent the computer from rebooting automatically upon completion of certain low level tasks. Instead, have the setup will continue when you reboot the PC next time.

Syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /noreboot

Starting with version 2004, you can use this parameter to start the offline part of the installation without committing (unlike the /noreboot switch). The primary difference between this switch and the /noreboot switch is that you will need to use the /Finalize switch after you reboot the PC.

Syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /prioriy low /skipfinalize

The dynamic update refers to automatically searching and downloading the latest updates when you upgrade to a higher version of Windows 10. you can use this switch to specify if you want to search and download have the latest updates from Microsoft servers.

it can be toggled using the parameters Enable and Disable.

syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /DynamicUpdate Disable

If you bought your copy of windows from an offline store, you may be supplied with the product key which you will require during upgrading or reinstalling your copy of Windows 10. you may not be required to use this parameter when you are using a media that contains the product ID in the sources folder (look for pid.txt).

For this command line switch, you will use the 25 digit product key.

Syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /pkey (enter your 25 digit product key without the brackets)

If you are upgrading to Windows 10 Pro or higher, That has BitLocker drive encryption, you can use this switch and the parameters to Alter the status of BitLocker drive encryption during the upgrade process. The switch supports three parameters, which are discussed below:

AlwaysSuspend: BitLocker drive encryption is kept suspended during the upgrade process. if you do not add a parameter this is the default behavior of the chúng tôi app.

TryKeepActive: if you hard working on your computer while the upgrade process is running in the background, you can use this parameter to try the upgrade without suspending the drive encryption. If the upgrade process fails, BitLocker will be suspended and the upgrade process will continue.

ForceKeepActive: this parameter will prevent the setup executable from suspending BitLocker. instead, the upgrade will fail if it cannot be completed.

syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /bitlocker AlwaysSuspend

This is a new Windows setup command prompt switch added to Windows 10, Which allows the installation of language packs to the new installation of the operating system. This switch takes the location parameter and you will need to specify where the installation should look for the language packs.

syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /installlangpacks C:UsernameLanguagesSpanish

You can use this parameter to specify a location that contains .inf drivers during the setup process on your Windows 10 system. this switch takes the location parameter, where you will specify the pathname of the folder with the drivers.

syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /InstallDrivers C:Usernamedrivers /noreboot

If you use a lot of peripherals with your device, you may be looking to migrate the drivers from existing installation in order to avoid downloading the required drivers again. This switch will help you achieve this, as you can use the parameters to migrate all the existing drivers or none of them which will allow you to download the latest version of your device drivers.

Syntax: setup.exe /auto upgrade /migratedrivers none

If you get one of the failure exit codes (check below), you can use this command line switch to copy the failure log to a local file. Do note that you may require admin permissions to copy the logs to a local folder, as this command runs under the System context.

Syntax: setup.exe /copylogs \servershare

When you use the command line switches mentioned above, you may one of the following exit codes. Here is a brief description of what each exit code means:

CONX_SETUP_EXITCODE_CONTINUE_REBOOT = The upgrade process was completed successfully.

CONX_SETUP_EXITCODE_RESUME_AT_COMPAT_REPORT = This means that the setup executable found some compatibility errors, which you will need to resolve before you can continue the upgrade process.

CONX_SETUP_EXITCODE_AUTO_INSTALL_FAIL = This means that the setup option could not be completed because the upgrade data was not accessible.

So there you have it. Now you know the popular Windows 10 setup command prompt switches that you can use to modify the behavior of the setup program. You can find more setup commands on the Microsoft Docs page. Comment below if you found this useful, and to discuss further the same.

How To Run A Java Program From The Command Prompt

Java is one of the most commonly used programming languages. It is also an IDE-intensive programming language, with tight integration with Eclipse. You can run Java programs from the Command Prompt for quick compiling and execution.

If you are just starting to learn Java, this basic guide will help you start running the Java application from the Command Prompt in Windows 10/11.

Installing the Java Development Kit (JDK) in Windows

Before you can run a Java program on your computer, you’ll need to have a dedicated compiler installed. This comes within the Java Standard Edition Development Kit (JDK). It’s an essential tool for developing in Java on any platform.

The JDK is not the same as the Java Runtime Environment (JRE), which you’ll already have installed if you’ve ever used a Java application on your machine.

Download the JDK from Oracle’s website – the Windows version. Download any of the following: an x64 installer (shown in the screen), an x64 compressed archive, or an x64 MSI installer.

Note: if you have just simple use for Java software, make sure you do not download the “Java SE Development Kit for Java SE subscribers,” which is on the same download page. If you wish to use Java’s JRE installation for Microsoft Windows, it has been moved to another page.

Run the installer as you would for any other program and follow the instructions.

Note the Windows location where Java is being installed. It will come in handy later when you’re trying to run Java from the Command Prompt.

The installation should be over in just a few seconds. If it is taking a long time, close all of your other apps from Task Manager and reinstall the software.

You will see a “Successfully Installed” status in the end.

Running a Java Program From the Command Prompt

Create a simple Java program like the one below using Notepad or another text editor.






















"Hello, World!"





Make sure to save the file with the extension “.java” rather than “.txt.”

Open the Command Prompt from the Windows Start Menu, and don’t forget to run it as “Administrator.”

Use the cd command to change your working directory to the directory containing your Java program. To know which directory to go to, check the saved location of Java on your PC as discussed above.






From here, locate the path to the version of the Java Development Kit (JDK) on your computer. For example, if you’re running 64-bit Windows, that will often be in “C:Program FilesJava.”

Next, set the path to the JDK with the set command:






;C:Program FilesJavajdk


"Java Version Number"


You may need to change the directory path to reflect the current version of Java. Make sure you’re using the Java Development Kit (JDK) directory and pointing to the “bin” folder.

Note: the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) folder also contains a “bin” folder but doesn’t hold the Java compiler. If you get errors around the compilation, make sure you’re using the correct directory path.

Compile the Java program with the javac command as shown below. Be warned that you won’t see anything happen. However, if you use the dir command, you’ll notice a new file in your directory ending in the “.class” extension, indicating the program has been compiled.


"Program Name"


Use the java command to run your program:


"Program Name"

You’ll see the program run within the Command Prompt window, but there’s one more task you can do to make sure your Java program runs smoothly: set your path.

Setting a Permanent PATH

The above command doesn’t set your Java compiler PATH permanently. It sets the environment variable for that session, but that change will be wiped away when you close the Command Prompt session.

Setting your Java compiler PATH permanently can come in handy if you want your compiled Java programs to run smoothly after a PC reboot. This helps launch the requested programs quickly from the Command Prompt window (or a third-party software like Eclipse).

Follow the steps below to change your PATH variable for all future sessions.

Paste the directory path you used above into the text box. Again, make sure you’re using the Java Development Kit (JDK) directory and not the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) directory next to it.

This article featured a simple Java program, but you can initiate almost any Java program from the Command Prompt. The procedure is straightforward regardless of the nature of your program.

Frequently Asked Questions How can I fix “Java is not recognized as an internal or external command” in Windows?

The best way to fix “Java is not recognized as an internal or external command” is to add Java’s bin directory to your computer’s path, as covered above.

Windows Command Prompt doesn’t show the results of Java command. How can I fix it?

If your Windows Command Prompt doesn’t show the results of a Java command you’ve entered, there are two solutions: run the Command Prompt in Administrator Mode or find your “Java.exe” file in the folder location and open its “Properties.” Then, navigate to the “Compatibility” tab where you will have to uncheck the “Run this program as an administrator” option.

What is the difference between Java and Javascript?

Don’t confuse Java with Javascript, as they are two different entities:

Java came before Javascript. It was founded by Sun Microsystems in 1991-1995. Javascript was founded later by Netscape, an old browser company. Basically, Javascript is a very lightweight version of Java and still commonly used in browsers.

Java is a compiled program, whereas Javascript is interpreted.

Java is a static typed program, whereas Javascript is dynamically typed.

Java uses classes, and Javascript uses prototypes.

Image credit: WrightStudio via AdobeStock. All screenshots by Sayak Boral.

Sayak Boral

Sayak Boral is a technology writer with over eleven years of experience working in different industries including semiconductors, IoT, enterprise IT, telecommunications OSS/BSS, and network security. He has been writing for MakeTechEasier on a wide range of technical topics including Windows, Android, Internet, Hardware Guides, Browsers, Software Tools, and Product Reviews.

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Basics Of Windows Powershell Script

Basics Of Windows PowerShell Script

PowerShell Script consists of commands that are called cmdlets. The cmdlets let you access data stores such as certificate and registry stores like file systems. Putting in simple words, using this very rich Scripting language, you can do almost any task that you do on Graphical User Interface (GUI)

What is the need for PowerShell Script when there is already a command prompt?

If you have just come across Windows PowerShell Script, you might be wondering that how is PowerShell Script any different from Command Prompt?

In the blog that follows, you shall also see how you can create a PowerShell Script

How to create a PowerShell Script?

There are two ways using which you can create PowerShell Script

You can write PowerShell Script using the notepad editor or

You can use Integrated Scripting Environment or ISE to create PowerShell Scripts

1. To write PowerShell Script Using Notepad

Step 1:

Step 2:

Once you opened the Notepad, type or paste your text (which is known as the Script). For e.g. Type, This is my first Script

Step 3:

Follow the path mentioned below –

In the File name suffix name with .ps1.

For e.g. sample_Script.ps1 and hit Save button

2.  To Create Windows PowerShell Script Using Integrated Scripted Environment (ISE) What is an ISE?

ISE short for integrated scripting environment is an editor where you will run, test and debug scripts. In simple terms, it is a console where you run commands. As shown in the figure above it consists of 3 parts namely –

Script Interface

PowerShell Console

Command Module

Note: Once you write a PowerShell Script in a script interface, it gets executed in PowerShell Console once you press F5 button.  

Step 1:

Go to search bar and type Windows Powershell

Step 2:

Now you will find Run as Administrator

Step 3:

Type a text in the window that opens. For e.g. This is my first PowerShell Script

Step 4:

Save the file with the suffix the file name with .ps1

Executing the Windows PowerShell Script

Now after you have created the file, it’s time to run that file. For this, you will first have to change the execution policy. What this will do is that it will allow Scripts to run. It is very crucial to note is that there are four execution policies namely (please write these as mentioned below) –


Scripts created on the device are run. If you wish to run scripts on another device, these scripts would require a signature from a trusted publisher.


This command, as the name suggests will stop any script from being executed.


This command permits all scripts to be executed on a condition that they are signed by a trusted publisher.


This command runs all the scripts without any restriction.

Let’s try and execute a sample Windows PowerShell Script. To do this –  

Step 1:

In the search bar type PowerShell and then choose the Run as Administrator option

Step 2:

Type the below-mentioned command in the PowerShell Script editor:

Set-ExecutionPolicy RemoteSigned

Step 3:

Then type “A” and press enter

Step 4:

Type the following command in the Windows PowerShell Script editor and press enter

C:Userssarang.bhargavaDesktopSample Script.ps1

Cmdlet – An Overview

Once you have assigned the execution policy, you might as well want to try some useful PowerShell Script. Here are some of the important points with regards to cmdlets.

Cmdlets are a combination of a verb and a noun separated by a hyphen (which is also the syntax). When you type verb and place a hyphen ‘-’ after that, you will get options for noun.

Syntax: “verb-noun”. E.g. Get-Certificate

Some of the common types of Cmdlets are

Start: Run a command

Get: Get something out of a command

Stop: To stop command from running

Set: Use to define

New: when you want to create something new

Out: This is used to give an output

There are 3 types of cmdlets



Custom cmdlets

Cmdlets outputs results as an array of objects

Cmdlets are case-insensitive. Which means wither you write Set-Alias or set-alias, it is one in the same thing.

To Sum Up

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Sarang Bhargava

How To Update Powershell On Windows 11

By default, Windows 11 comes with the latest Powershell 5.1 preinstalled. But you’d be surprised that Microsoft has also released a cross-platform Powershell Core (version 7.x) with extensive features.

Indeed, Powershell is popular among developers, system administrators, and even beginners, thanks to its easy-to-learn lightweight cmdlets. Thus, if you prefer this command-line interface, you’d definitely want to get your hands on its latest version.

Updating or installing the latest Powershell version is relatively easy. You can do it using the MSI package, Zip package, command lines, or even from the Microsoft Store!

Updating or migrating Powershell to 7.x requires manual installation. Once you’ve migrated to the core version, it runs side-by-side with the built-in Windows Powershell.

The open-source software holds features that might be lacking in the 5.1 version, like Automatic Pipeline Parallelization, Null conditional operators, and more. It also supports Docker containers, Defaults to UTF-8 encoding, Powershell Remoting over SSH, etc.

The product works only on those computers running Windows 10 version 17763.0 and higher. So, if you’re running an older Windows generation, it’s only possible to update your Windows Powershell to 5.1.

Now, without further delay, let’s jump into the four different ways to update Powershell on Windows 11.

Microsoft Store is the gateway to installing Windows applications and programs on your computer. Therefore, this platform is the simplest method to get the latest version, 7.3. Kindly follow the below instructions on how to update Powershell from the Microsoft Store:

In the search bar, type Powershell.

Note: Usually, Powershell Core gets updated automatically. If, for some reason, there’s a pending update, you can open the Microsoft Store app and hit the Update button to complete it.

Another way you can update Powershell is by downloading and installing the MSI Package from the official Microsoft website. Go through the following steps to do just that:

Get to the Installing the MSI package section on the website.

You can also install the MSI package or a zip folder from Github. All you have to do is navigate to the Assets section and download the latest version available (7.3.0).

Also, you can directly update or install Powershell Core from the command line interface. This way, you do not have to visit any online page to download the latest version on Windows. Regarding the same, here’s a quick guide that should help you:

In the User Account Control prompt, hit the Yes button.

Again, wait for the installation to complete.

Now, you can open the Run utility and execute the pwsh command to launch the Powershell Core application.

Note: To run Powershell 7.x on Windows Powershell, kindly execute the pwsh cmdlet. To get back to the 5.1 version, simply run the exit command. However, as discussed above, you need to have the version installed on your PC.

One of the easiest ways to launch Windows Powershell is from the Quick Link menu. Simply picking the Windows Terminal would open the utility. 

Certainly, you want the updated version (Powershell Core) to get open instead of the classic Windows Powershell. To make this change, you’re required to make the version 7 interface your default terminal:

Use the Windows + E hotkey to open File Explorer.

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